(Last Updated on : 15/04/2017)
Indian Premier League (IPL) is being considered as the latest, and one of the biggest revolutions in Indian Cricket
. Indian Premier League (IPL) is a tournament that follows the Twenty- 20 format and is being run and managed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India
(BCCI). A large number of corporate houses are associated with the BCCI as the sponsors of this mega tournament.
Inception of Indian Premier League
The BCCI, under the then chairman Lalit Modi, inaugurated the IPL on 18th April, 2008 in M.Chinnaswamy Stadium
with a view to bring more excitement in Indian Cricket and also to present this new version of Cricket, to the Indian Cricket enthusiasts, in a big way. The tournament is mainly played on a double round-robin league and knockout format and the winning team gets a huge amount of prize money. The matches for IPL are played at various Indian Cricket Stadium
s and there is great involvement of Indian Cricket Personalities
. The IPL serves as a huge platform for Indian State Level Cricketers
to display their skills, while playing alongside international cricketing icons and talented Indian Cricket Players.
The unique thing about the Indian Premier League is that, here the teams are run and managed by various corporate houses or the celebrities from different sects of the society. The owners of the teams have to go through a bidding procedure to buy the teams and after that, the cricketers are also put on auction. The managements of the teams take part in the auction and bid for their desired cricketer, with a view to make their team the strongest one among all others.
All the cricketers from around the world, including the Indian cricketers are put on auction. The BCCI has actually followed the format of England's most popular football event, the English Premier League (EPL) for governing the rules and regulations of the Indian Premier League (IPL).
History of Indian Premier League
The idea for conducting a tournament like the IPL was first conceived by Lalit Modi, ex-commissioner of IPL and ex-Vice-President of the Board of Cricket Control for India. The Indian Premier League commenced on 18th April 2008. The interesting T20 tournament was preceded by an impressive opening ceremony. The tradition continues. An opening ceremony marks the start of the IPL each year. At the first season 59 matches were scheduled to be played. In 2009, the IPL was back with its second season. However, this time it was held in South Africa. In 2010, IPL returned to India. In addition, in 2011, the tournament was held in Indian soil. For the 2012 season, the game championship will be played between nine teams. The IPL Committee terminated the IPL franchise Kochi Tuskers Kerala and Deccan Chargers. Deccan Chargers is now renamed as Sunrisers Hyderabad. A spot fixing case was revealed by Delhi Police, leading to arrest of three cricketers from Rajasthan Royals and other persons.
Players in Indian Premier League
There are a few marquee Indian Cricketers, who have been bestowed upon with the "icon" statuses by the BCCI. The players were Sachin Tendulkar
, Saurav Ganguly
, Rahul Dravid
, Yuvraj Singh
were given the status of icon player for the first season. Though, the legendary Indian Cricket Player
, VVS Laxman
was initially given the "icon status", he voluntarily opted out of this status for his team. The players with icon status are given the best offerings on behalf of the teams and they usually play for the state from where they belong.
For the 2013 season of IPL the teams were modelled in a new avatar and there were new recruitment by all teams and change of support staffs too. The new structures of all the nine teams are as follows:
Teams in Indian Premier League
Initially eight teams participated in the first edition of the Indian Premier League (IPL) and the teams were Delhi Daredevils, Deccan Chargers, Kolkata Knight Riders, Kings XI Punjab, Royal Challengers Bangalore, Chennai Super Kings, Mumbai Indians and Rajasthan Royals and Sunrisers Hyderabad. However, in March 2010, two more teams were announced and they went on to play the 2011 IPL matches. These two teams were Pune Warriors and Kochi Tuskers. But these two teams became defunct. Now in 2016, IPL eight teams like Delhi Daredevils, Kings XI Punjab, Kolkata Knight Riders, Mumbai Indians, Royal Challengers Bangalore, Sunrisers Hyderabad, Rising Pune Supergiants, and Gujarat Lions. Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals are the two defunct teams in 2016 IPL
Rules of Indian Premier League
Actually there are five ways that a particular franchisee can obtain a player. In annual auction, signing uncapped players, buying new players, through buying and trading replacements is the general norm. A given player can only be traded, through a transfer window, with his consent. The difference between the old and new contact price has to be paid by the franchisee. And if the new contact is actually worth more than old one then the difference in price will be shared between the franchisee selling the player and player himself.
Rules of Team Composition in IPL
1. A squad should have a minimum of 16 players plus one coach and physiotherapist.
2. Not more then 11 foreign players should be in a particular squad and maximum of 4 foreign players can feature in the playing 11.
3. A minimum of 14 Indian players has to be included in each squad.
4. A minimum of 6 players from the pool of under 22 team of BCCI
A difference in rule with the ICC happens with the timeout. IPL has the concept of timeout, and it provides the player with the opportunity to plan and strategize and also take a drink during the 1 minute 30 seconds time limit. Each team is allowed to have a total of 4 time out breaks, two in each innings. But as per rules it has to be taken from 6th to 9th and 13th to 16th over. As IPL is known for having ads during the game, so there is no stipulated time limit to complete innings, but if the umpires find any team misusing the time allotted then penalty will awarded to captain who is guilty.
The IPL follows general rule identified by the International Cricket Council.
Winners of Indian Premier League
The final match of in 2008 IPL was played between the Rajasthan Royals and Chennai Super Kings at the DY Patil Stadium, Navi Mumbai. The Rajasthan Royals team became successful to win the trophy in the inaugural IPL. Shaun Marsh of Kings XI Punjab team became the highest run scorer of the tournament and Sohail Tanvir of Rajasthan Royals team became the highest wicket-taker.
In the 2009 tournament, the final two teams that fought for the trophy were Deccan Chargers and Royal Challengers. The Deccan Chargers emerged as the winner. Both the edition of 2010 and 2011 Chennai Super Kings were the winners. The following year, in 2012, Kolkata Knight Riders showed a spirited performance and won the fifth edition of IPL. Pepsi Co replaced DLF Ltd as the title sponsor starting with the IPL 2013 season. DLF did not renew their contract after their initial five-year contract, ended with the previous season. PepsiCo's contract is for five years, ending with the 2017 season. 2017 season of the Indian Premier League, also known as IPL 10, is the tenth season of the IPL.
Stadiums for Indian Premier League
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Feroz Shah Kotla Stadiums, Eden Gardens Stadium, Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium, Holkar Cricket Stadium, Green Park Stadium, Bindra Stadium, Wankhede Stadium, Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium, and Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium are the home grounds for the respective Inidna Premier League Teams.