Legends of Sushruta
Around 2600 years ago, Maharishi Shushruta, together with his colleagues, had performed the array of complex surgeries such as ‘caesareans’, ‘artificial limbs’, ‘cataract’, ‘urinary stones’, ‘fractures’, and most particularly the ‘plastic surgery’. Sushruta and his fellow-students started their education under Dhanwantara. He was the first person who had classified the surgical operations and described the plastic surgery with its tools in his book of one hundred and twenty chapters in five parts.
His book ‘Sushruta Samhita’ contains one hundred and eighty four chapters and describes 1120 types of illnesses, seven hundred medicinal plants, sixty-four preparations from mineral sources and fifty-seven preparations based on animal sources. His involvement towards the Indian traditional medicine and the ancient cultural heritage of India is valuable. After his great writing, he had become very well-known personality and his writing was first translated into the Arabic language which was also translated into the Latin and English languages.
Contribution of Sushruta
Sushruta is mentioned in the texts of Indian legend, Mahabharata, as the son of sage Vishwamitra, and is recognized as the earliest surgeon of the recorded history. He was the pioneer of ‘anaesthesia’ and has promoted the proper use of wine with incense of cannabis for the ‘anaesthesia’ idea. Sushruta had described the eight types of surgical methods such as the ‘excision’, ‘incision’, ‘scraping’, ‘puncturing’, ‘probing’, ‘sravana’, ‘apposition’, ‘stitching’. He had developed the mixture of new modules for practicing surgical procedures. He had also explained the six types of dislocation of joints and twelve varieties of fractures treatment such as ‘traction’, ‘manipulation’, ‘appositions’ and ‘stabilization’.
Sushruta’s major contribution was towards the field of Plastic and Cataract surgery. He had explained all the basic principles of plastic surgery by offering an appropriate physiotherapy before operation. He has given different other methods together with the revolving graft, sliding graft, pedicle graft, rhinoplasty and labioplasty.
(Last Updated on : 10-01-2018)
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