(Last Updated on : 16/08/2010)
Sri Ranganatha Svami temple one of the important Vishnu temples stationed in Tirupparkadal. It is situated a few yards away from the Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal temple. This ancient shrine is dedicated to venerated Lord Ranganatha. The temple being a traditional one, a number of legendary episodes are associated with it. According to one such stories connected with this temple, Brahma sought the aid of Lord Narayana in preventing Goddess Sarasvati in the form of the river Vegavati from destroying the yagasala where he was performing a yajna. The Lord obliged him by lying across the course of the river and thus preventing its flow. This legend is similar to the one connected with the Sri Yathoktakari temple at Tiruvehkha in Kanchipuram which is one of the 108 Divya Desams. Due to this legendary episode associated with the temple, Sri Ranganatha Svami temple is venerated as one of Divya Desams and it is also eulogized in the hymns of many ancient preceptor.
Though this temple at Tirupparkadal is small, the reclining image of Lord Ranganatha, also known as Kshirabdinatha, is large and awe-inspiring. This is the significant interest about this temple. The principal deity, Lord Ranganatha is seen here resting on Adisesha, with Brahma seated on the lotus emanating from his navel and Goddess Sri Devi by His side just as He is believed to be in Kshirabdi or Tirupparkadal, the ocean of milk. For this reason this village proudly bears the name Tirupparkadal. The main image (also called moolavar) of Lord Ranganatha, who is facing south, is made of wood of the fig (atti) tree just like the original image of Atti Varadar in the Varadaraja Svami temple in Kanchipuram. Under His hand is found a marakkal, a vessel of measurement. The sacred vimana at the top of the principal sanctum is called Saptaka Vimana. There is a erected a separate shrine for Goddess Ranganayaki near the main sanctum and She is believed to fulfill all the wishes of Her devotees who visit this place. Thus the temple of Sri Rangatha Svami is considered a sacrosanct by the devotees.
A few festivals are celebrated in these two shrines. The main festival of the Lord Ranganatha temple is during Revati Nakshatram in the month of Panguni (March-April), The Vaikuntha Ekadasi celebrations in the temples draw a large crowd every year. During the festival season a number of people flocked in the temple precinct to offer their worship to the sacred deity.
Apart from the above-mentioned Vishnu temples, some other small shrines dedicated to lord Vishnu are also found to adorn the place. On the opposite side of the Bangalore-Chennai highway is situated the village of Kaveripakkam which also has two Vishnu temples, one is dedicated to Kottai Varadar and the other for Lord Rama.
However the tourists do not visit these small temples frequently. Hence nowadays these temples have lost their former popularity. Devotees who come all the way to Kanchipuram and to Tirupputkuzhi rarely visit the smaller Vishnu temples in these nearby villages as they too are ancient shrines which were once very popular, having enjoyed the patronage of royalty and the local populace alike.