History of Rayagada District
However it is evident from the coins and the inscriptions excavated, that Rayagada was the centre of attraction in all ages. In the 3rd century B.C, the, entire region of Rayagada was included in the Kalinga empire and Ashoka was at the helm of administration. From the rock edicts of Ashoka the history of Rayagada during the Ashokan regime is interpreted. Bhojpur Rock inscription in Brahmi of Rastrik King Mandhata adds some facts about the historical records of the Rayagada district. Kharvela, the only Aryan King ever ruled in Odisha defeated the Rastriks. Kharvela was ousted by the military campaign of Samudragupta. The Allahabad Prasasti Inscription, framed by Harishena provides evidence to the socio-economic and cultural life of Rayagada during the reign of Samudragupta. During Ganga Vansi and Surya Vansi Kings, Rayagada was under Dadarnab Dev of Gudari Kataka. A rock inscription found at Pataleswar temple in Brahmi script depicts the era of the Ganga and the Surya kings in Rayagada. In the subsequent periods, many indigenous and foreign rulers colonised the region of Rayagada till the British arrived as the political head of India including Odisha. However during the British supremacy Rayagada was a significant part of Jeypore Zamindari that later transformed into the princely state of the British rulers. Till independence Rayagada, survived as the subdivision of Jeypore Zamindari.
Geography of Rayagada District
Rayagada District is mainly covered with forests. The forest area covers an extent of 4785.36 square kilometres out of which 777.27 sq km is reserved forest. Rayagada District has been the homeland of various tribal communities with their sub-tribes, who are found in different level of development depending upon their assimilation with the so-called mainstream or modern communities. The kondhas and its subsection constitute the major percentage of tribal population in the district and the Souras stand second. There are several other tribal communities that contribute to the exotic intermingling culture of the district.
Administration of Rayagada District
Administration of Rayagada District includes two sub divisions namely Rayagada and Gunupur. There are 11 development blocks and these are Rayagada, Kashipur, Kolonara, Kalyansinghpur, Gunupur, Gudari, Padmapur, Ramanaguda, Bissam Cuttack, Muniguda and Chandrapur. The administrative set-up of Rayagada District comprises four tehsils namely Rayagada, Kashipur, Gunupur and Bissam Cuttack. It also includes one Municipality that is Rayagada.
Demography of Rayagada District
Rayagada District has a total population of 832019, out of which tribal population is 473379. In other words, the district is predominantly a tribal populated district with 57.52 percent of tribal population. Literacy rate of the district is 35.61 percent, with 47.35 percent male literacy rate and 24.31 percent female literacy rate.
Culture of Rayagada District
Culture of Rayagada District is influenced by the indigenous traditions and customs of the tribal people. The physiographic division of Rayagada District gives a prefect platform for the tribal communities in sustaining their ethno-cultural identity.
Tourism in Rayagada District
Rayagada is a district of meadows, forests, water falls and terraced valleys. The scenic beauty and heritage on the land is an unexplored paradise. The systematic relationship between men and nature is a feast to the eyes of an outsider. It has its own appeal for the lap of nature. Rayagada, considered as the district of many charms, has the facilities to serve as a base for visiting the near by places of interest. Some of the main attractions of Rayagada District are Hatipathar, Laxminarayan Temple, Paikapada, Chatikona, Minajhola, Devagiri, Padmapur and many more.
Rayagada District can be connected with railheads, roads and highways from different parts of India. Getting to Rayagada District is not difficult. Nearest airport is Visakhapatnam Airport, Andhra Pradesh, which is 200 kms away.
Districts of Odisha
Temples of Odisha
Tourism in Odisha
Odisha Cuisine, Indian Food
Nature Tourism in Odisha
Education in Odisha
(Last Updated on : 16-08-2016)
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Rayagada District, Odisha