1. Red soil, found mostly in the Damodar Valley, and Rajmahal Hill area 2. Micacious soil (containing particles of mica), found in Koderma District, Jhumeritilaiya Barkagaon, and areas around the Mandar hill. 3. Sandy soil, generally found in Hazaribagh and Dhanbad 4. Black soil, found in Rajmahal area. 5. Laterite soil, found in western part of Ranchi, Palamu District, and parts of Santhal Parganas and Singhbhum District.
Flora and Fauna of Jharkhand
Weather remains cool in most areas of Jharkhand, especially Ranchi, Gumla, Netarhat, Dhanbad etc. Jharkhand has a rich variety of Flora and Fauna. The National Parks and the Zoological Gardens located in the state of Jharkhand present a panorama of this variety.
Betla National Park (Palamu), 25 km from Daltonganj covers an area of about 250 square kilometres. The national park has a large variety of wild life like Tigers, Elephants, Bison locally called gaurs, Sambhar, hundreds of Wild boar and 15 to 20 feet long Python, herds of spotted Deer, Rabbits and Fox.
Part of the reason for the variety and diversity of flora and fauna found in Jharkhand state may be accredited to the Project Tiger Reserve of Palamu, which is abode to hundreds of species of flora and fauna. The Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary or the Hazaribagh National Park, with scenic beauties, 135 km from Ranchi, is set in an ecosystem very similar to Betla National Park of Palamu.