(Last Updated on : 06-01-2009)
Renaissance in Hindi Literature was somewhat different from what is called a social uprising. Where the Bengali Literature was playing a significant role to whip the rugged society of the time, Hindi literatures mainly accentuate a cultural development, which is much closer to the concept of Renaissance in Europe. The 20th Century Hindi Literature witnessed a romantic upsurge and insisted on the sheer rhythm & poise of the indigenous language.
The distinctive feature, explicit in the literary works of the period was the emotional attachment of the poets with the national freedom struggle & their effort to comprehend and imbibe the vast spirit of magnificent ancient culture. This tradition came to be existed as "Chyyavaad" tradition & the literary personalities following the tradition known as Chyyavaadi. Jaishankar Prasad, Suryakant Tripathi, 'Nirala', Mahadevi Varma and Sumitranandan Pant etc were the remarkable poets of the Chhyavadi trend.
One of the notable works of the period, Kamayani by Jaishankar Prasad, a perfect amalgamation of knowledge, action & desires of life represented the spirit of Renaissance. Nirala's style of verse in Anaamika & Parimal induced revolution in his time & accented his protest against the social exploitation. An amalgamation of the Vedanta philosophy with nationalism & mysticism was the chief feature of the works of the period. Saroj Smriti of Nirala was one of the magnificent works of the era. Lokayatan Pallavni by Sumitranandan Pant featured his progressive, philosophical & social outlook. A new tradition - Rahasyavad was introduced in Hindi Literature by Mahadevi Varma, with a different stance about the Lord of Universe. Deepsikha & Yama by Mahadevi Varma bear the specimen of ardent feminism. Mamta, Samudragupta, Dhruvaswani, Veena, Uchchavas, Granthi, Pallava, Gunjan etc were the principal works of the period.