(Last Updated on : 09-01-2015)
Jiran is a town and a nagar panchayat situated in the Neemuch district
of the central state of India
, Madhya Pradesh
. It is located at 21 km south of the Neemuch. Jiran is a part of Malwa plateau
and has an average elevation of 1551 feet (473 metres). Jiran is home to people of various communities
is the most commonly used language
here but people also speak Hindi
History of Jiran
It is said that from 1947 to 1998, it was in Mandsaur district
. Later due to the formation of new district Neemuch, it has come under Neemuch district. The town is home to around 300 to 400 years old big fort known as Garhi of Jeeran. The fort was the site of a battle between the rebels under Shahzada Firoz Shah and the contingent force stationed at Jeeran.
Demographics of Jiran
According to 2001 Indian census, Jiran had a population of 10,519 of which males constitute 50% and females 50%. In Jiran, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. On the basis of the report of same year, the town had an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. The male literacy was 77%, and female literacy was 46%.
Economy of Jiran
The main occupation of most of the people of this town is agriculture
. The important crops
grown here include wheat
, gram, groundnut, garlic
, oured, mustard
, posta and soyabean. This region is a part of one of the important producers of opium in the world.
Education of Jiran
There are several schools in this town which provide good education
. Some of the schools are Patidar Higher Secondary school, Gyan Sarovar higher secondary school etc. Patidar Higher Secondary is the oldest Private School of Jiran. Most of the schools of this place are affiliated to M.P. Board.
Attractions of Jiran
Jiran attracts lots of visitors every year because the Gandhi Sagar Dam
and Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary are located in the vicinity. Kota
which has several ancient forts
and the 'City of Hundred Islands', Banswara
are easily accessible from Jiran. There is an important trekking
route that passes through Jiran while touching Neemuch finally.
Connectivity to Jiran
The town can be accessed via railway
and airway. The nearest access points are the Devi Ahilya Bai Holeker Airport
and the Mandsaur Railway Station.