Purva Mimamsa Philosophy - Informative & researched article on Purva Mimamsa Philosophy
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Philosophy

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Philosophy > Schools of Indian Philosophy > Purva Mimamsa Philosophy
Purva Mimamsa Philosophy
Purva Mimamsa Philosophy was the first major orthodox system which was developed. The foundational text for the Mimamsa School is the Purva Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini.
 'Jaimini Sutram - The cardinal aim of the Purva Mimamsa Philosophy is elucidation of the nature of dharma, realised as a set ritual obligations and prerogatives to be performed in a proper manner. Mimamsa is a Sanskrit that means 'investigation'. It is the name of an astika school of Hindu philosophy, whose fundamental research is into the nature of dharma, interpretation of religious texts of the Vedas.

Mimamsa is more appropriately known as Purva Mimamsa. The foundational text for the Purva-Mimamsa school is the Purva Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini. A foremost commentary was composed by Sabara in ca. 5th or 6th century CE. The school reached its height with Kumarila Bhatta and Prabhakara. Both Kumarila Bhatta and Prabhakara Mishra have penned extensive commentaries on Sabara's Mimamsa sutra. Purva-Mimamsa is the only one of the six orthodox darshanas besides Vedanta to survive into contemporary Hinduism.

Dharma and Atheism in Purva-Mimamsa philosophy
The Mimamsa School traces to the source of the knowledge of words and meanings. The Purva-Mimamsa school held dharma to be equivalent to following the prescriptions of the Samhitas and their Brahmana commentaries pertaining to the correct performance of Vedic rituals. Mimamsa is ritualistic placing great weight on the performance of Karma as spoken by the Vedas. It is a counter-movement to the mysticism of Vedanta. Purva-Mimamsa is atheist to a certain extent as it places all importance in proper practice as opposed to belief. It rejects a creator God as well as any scriptures on dharma outside the Vedic tradition, yet accepting heaven awaiting the person who has acted righteously in his or her life.

The great object of the Mimamsa Philosophy is the knowledge of duty, its watchword being curious to do duty. The Purva Mimamsa has nothing to do with the great subject of the schools, the liberation of the soul from the ties of ignorance directly.

The origin of Purva Mimasa lies in the scholarly traditions of the final centuries when the priestly ritualism of Vedic sacrifice was being relegated by Buddhism and Vedanta. School gathers momentum in the Gupta period with Sabara and reaches its zenith in the 7th to 8th centuries with Kumarila Bhatta and Prabhakara.

(Last Updated on : 26/05/2011)
More Articles in Schools of Indian Philosophy  (123)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Philosophy
Visistadvaita Theory of Material Causality
Visistadvaita Theory of Material Causality is the belief that Brahman as organically related to the cit and acit is the material cause of the universe. Both cause and effect are said to be different states of the same thing, and it is on the basis of this explanation that Brahman as the adhara of the universe is not affected by the evolution of the entire universe which constitutes the body of the Brahman.
Eleven Principal Upanishads
There are eleven principal Upanishads each of which ascribes the basic Hindu Philosophy related to Brahman and Atman.
Shankaracharya, the title derives from Sankara of Kaladi, is a stream of non other than Hindu thought.
Buddhist Philosophy
Buddhist Philosophy is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha. According to some scholars early Buddhist Philosophy was not connected with metaphysical or ontological speculation rather it was based on experimental evidences gained by sensory organs
Teachings of Kapila Muni
Teachings of Kapila Muni are based on the philosophies known as Samkhya which he had devised and they gradually become widespread with the efforts of his disciples.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Indian Philosophy
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Purva Mimamsa Philosophy - Informative & researched article on Purva Mimamsa Philosophy
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.