(Last Updated on : 20/09/2017)
Indian Social Reformers have successfully contributed in eradicating the social evils. While some of the eminent personalities voiced their support for Women Education
, some Indian social reformers supported Widow Remarriage
. The reformers in India have worked towards building a better nation without any bias.
In India, society and religion
are interconnected. Hence the religious evils, such as, superstition, blind faith and others have affected the society again and again. Alongside the religious leaders
the Indian social reformers also strove to liberate the people from such prevalent vices. Hailing from different religious and social backgrounds, they have adopted simple methods to educate the masses. Songs, poetry in colloquial languages, moral tales, organising community works and others are some of the methods that the Indian social reformers implemented to achieve their aims.
Famous Indian Social Reformers
The Indian social reformers consistent efforts were recognised even by the British
imperialists. Indian personalities
like Swami Vivekananda
, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
, Ramakrishna Paramahansa
, Dayanand Saraswati
, Raja Ram Mohan Roy
and others spoke up for the development and enlightenment of women. Under the British rule the Indian social reformers also popularised Western education
. Amongst the most prominent Indian social reformers, Mahatma Gandhi
, Shriram Sharma Acharya,
Virchand Gandhi, Gopal Hari Deshmukh, Jamnalal Bajaj, Baba Amte, Balshastri Jambhekar, Jawaharlal Nehru
, Vinoba Bhave
, Dhondo Keshav Karve
, Annie Besant
, B R Ambedkar
, Vitthal Ramji Shinde, Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Kandukuri Veeresalingam
and Kiran Bedi
are worth mentioning.
Raja Rammohan Roy
: Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the first person who recognized these inhuman practices and decided to fight against the same. He is considered as the architect of Indian Renaissance
and father of modern India.
: Though Swami Vivekananda had not initiated any particular social reform but his speeches and writings were full of messages against all kinds of social and religious evils. His main focus was on removing the weakness of Indias youth of the time, both physical as well as mental.
Swami Dayanand Saraswati
: Swami Dayanand was the great believer in the teachings of Vedas
. He criticized Hindu religious texts
for perpetuating Idol worship and other superstitions. He argued against all wrong things being propagated in the name of Hinduism
: Jyotirao Phule devoted his whole life for the weaker and depressed section of society. He was also against child-marriages
and was a great supporter of widow remarriage. He was very sympathetic to the cause of distressed women
and opened a home for such poor and exploited women where they could be taken care off.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
: His major contribution in eradicating social evils was fighting for the rights of the untouchables and so-called lower caste people. His contribution towards making the downtrodden people acquire self-respect and their rightful place is immeasurable.
: Vinoba Bhave was one of the most prominent humanist and social reformers of modern India. He remained loyal throughout his life to the Gandhian principles and kept working selflessly for the welfare of society.
Owing to their endeavours and reforms, Indian society underwent a sea of changes. In contemporary India the practice of Sati
is banned; girls are provided proper education
and most significantly, women are confident and aware to fight for their rights, irrespective of the fact they are homemakers or employed.