(Last Updated on : 02/07/2011)
The costumes of Mizoram
resembles with that of the other hill-states of the Northeast. The fundamental patterns speak volumes for the prevalence of the ethnic heritage, typical of the costumes of the North East.
Women's costume of Mizoram
The favourite costume of a Mizo woman is Puan. The vibrant colour and the outstanding designs made the costume such beautiful. Puanchei , the gorgeous dress of Mizo girls is a must during weddings and festivals such as 'Chapchar Kut' and 'Pawl Kut '. The shades in the attire are black and white. The black portion of the textile is originated from some kind of synthetic fur.
Kawrchei is a fabulous blouse for Mizo girls. That also is hand-woven and cotton material. This are usually used along with 'Puanchei' and while performing the various dances of the Mizo. In earlier times, all the cloths were all hand woven but nowadays these are mostly machine made. They are made from cotton and the hues are made by a thing called 'Ting'. Besides this, a blouse, which is of the same pattern, is usually worn.
The traditional cloth of the women of the Lusei tribe is dark blue cotton skirt, worn round the waist and tightly held by a girdle or belt of brass wire. This is the dress, worn by all women, stretches itself up to the knees. This skirt is worn with a short white jacket and a cloth, wrapped in the same way as the males.
However, the rapturous item in the Lusei girls costume is the headgear, worn during dances. This headpiece is composed of a coronal, built from brass and coloured cane, endowed with porcupine quills, and upper edges of these quills are added green wing-feathers of the common parrot, carrying at their tips tussocks of wing covers of green beetles. Zakuolaisen this is a blouse piece with crimson stripes used mainly by the unmarried girls.
Puon Pie, a quilt woven cloth, is a must for every girl, while coming down to settle in her husband's abode, post marriage.
Men's Costume of Mizoram
Mizo men believe in simplicity, when it comes about their traditional costume. They drape themselves in an almost 7 feet long and 5 wide cloth-piece.
In cold season, some additional cloth is used, one on top of the other, along with a white coat, comes down from the throat enveloping till the thighs. White and red bands, stuffed with designs adorn the sleeves of these coats.
During the hot months, people wore these clothes around the waist to feel comfortable. Moreover, at times to avoid the scorching sun, a Mizo man contrives a piece of cloth as a turban or Pagri. The entire dress of the male of the Lusei tribe is made of cotton, cultivated in the region itself. Usually, the costumes come in white colour, but sometimes men want to wear other shades, for example, blue colour bestowed with stripes.
There is no difference existing in the costumes of the ordinary Lusei and the head of the community. Only during festive occasions, the costume differs from one another.
The fighter's costume in Lusei society entail a cloth passed round the waist, a knapsack, fortified with a bear or tiger hide over one shoulder, a gun in one hand an weapon called dao on the other. The Hmars tribes of Mizoram are weaving-experts, deft in creating multiple designs. Puon Laisen is a red cloth with two black stripes at the middle. The cloth is gifted with several designs like Sakat Zang Zie, Disul, etc. The handwoven Hmaram also called Kawkpui zikzial is very popular among the children and girls.
The little but praiseworthy costumes of Paiteis are attractive. Thangou Puon, ranks top as the costume of Paiteis community. Only, a brave warrior who has slaughtered rivals in inter-tribal tussle or in war is permitted to claim ownership of this costume.
The costume of the Riang tribe
of Mizoram resembles to that of the other tribes. The colours, designs, cuttings and finally the style of dressing, associated with costumes, cast light on the artistic prowess of the people of Mizoram.