(Last Updated on : 29/06/2011)
Costumes of the different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
are endowed with fascinating vibrant colours and myriad patterns, characteristic of tribe culture. It signifies their aesthetic taste and zeal for embellishment. The Monpas also are no exception. They wear a skullcap made of felt with laces or tassels as adornments. The Monpas women wear a jacket, above a sleeveless chemise. They bind this chemise round their waists with a lengthy and narrow strip of cloth.
Women's Wear in Arunachal Pradesh
Accessories are a must for any woman, be she a tribal or a city-girl. The Monpa females beautify them with silver rings, earrings cut from bamboo-bits and appended with red beads or lovely turquoises. Another popular dress-item is a cap, endowed with a fascinating peacock-feather. The Hill Miris inhabiting the lower Kamla valley look attractive in their costume. They tie the hair in a knot just above the forehead. Their women wear attractive "crinoline of cane rings" which serves the purpose of a blouse but now it is not seen in the urban areas.
The Sherdukpen, inhabiting south of Bomdila in the Tengapanai valleys, bear striking resemblance with their fellow- Buddhist community, the Monpas. The usual apparel of Sherdukpen men folk is a sleeveless silk material, with its two edges, pinned at the shoulder region. The costume is normally knee-long. The hallmark of their dress-code is the gurdam skull-caps smeared with yak's hair. The tassels protruding from the gurdam over the face form a slope to glide away rain-water, as their residential-zone is subject to torrential rain, often. The women sect of Sherdukpen, dress themselves in a collarless and sleeveless garment, stretching from the shoulders to the knees. Added to this, a full-sleeved jacket with nice embroidery and waist cloth, called mushaiks, is worn above the patent robe. The hair-style is also interesting. The women often tie their hair into a bun at the back. It is curious to note that Sherdukpen women are adept in weaving clothes with praiseworthy finesse.
Tribal wear in Arunachal Pradesh
The Tangsa tribe
, also, dwelling in the Tirap district
and Changlang district
of Arunachal Pradesh, is a Naga tribe
. These robust, middle-length people cater to the Burmese costume-style. The Tangsa men wear green lungi
, proficiently seamed in with matching yellow, red and white yarns. A sleeveless shirt, acts as the upper garment. Tangsa women put in a very attractive looking woven petticoat, along with a linen blouse to top it. Miji women, living in the West Kameng and East Kameng districts, exhibit simplicity as well as refinement in their costume. The ankle-long white cloak gives the Miji women an immaculate look. And the final touch is given by an ornate red jacket. Big-sized silver earrings and resplendent necklaces, commonly decked with jade, perfectly augments the beauty.
The tattoo done by the women involve broad blue stripes painted from the forehead down to the tip of the nose, and five vertical lines, drawn under the lower lip in the chin. The women arrange their tresses into a ball, called Dilling on the head-top. A brass skewer, known as Ading Akh, is often passed through the Dilling, in a horizontal direction. By custom, the Aptani men, make a knot of their hair just above the forehead. The local name of this hairstyle is as Piiding and the bras rod used in the creation of this knot is known as Piiding Khotu. The men also like to apply tattoo or Tiippe on their chin.
The Adi tribe
is a chief tribal community, staying in the Himalayan hills of Arunachal Pradesh, i.e., in the temperate and sub-tropical regions within the districts of West Siang, East Siang, Upper Siang, Upper Subansiri, and Dibang Valley. The topic of the costume of the Adi, instantly gives glimpses of the galae, a poly-utility garment, used by both the genders. A galae, which is tied around the loins, comes down in loose hanging down in narrow form. In accordance with the geographical circumstances of the region, men secure themselves with helmets made from cane, bear and deer skin.