Oraon Tribe, West Bengal - Informative & researched article on Oraon Tribe, West Bengal
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Tribals


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Food|Indian Religion|Indian Personalities|Indian Villages|Kamasutra|Indian Costume|Indian Weddings|Astrology|Indian Jewellery|Indian Women|Indian Tribals
Home > Society > Indian Tribals > Indian Tribal People > Tribes of West Bengal > Oraon Tribe
Oraon Tribe, West Bengal
Oraon Tribe is one of the prominent tribes of West Bengal although they also reside in Hyderabad, Jharkhand, Orissa, Bihar etc. Oraon Tribal people have mainly settled as agriculturalists in recent times.
 
 Festival of SarhulOraon tribes are one of the biggest tribes in the whole of south Asia. Residing in large numbers in West Bengal, the Oraon tribes also reside in Delhi, Chennai, Patna, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Allahabad, Bhopal, Hyderabad, LucknowJharkhand, Orissa, Bihar and some parts of Chhattisgarh. Oraon tribe is a significant Dravidian tribe of Chota Nagpur Plateau. The history of Oraon tribes bears the evidence that these tribes have originally migrated from Maharashtra. The tribal folk lore, songs and tales say that they stayed in Rohtasgarh for a long time. These Oraon tribes converse with each other in Kurukh language, a popular language belonging to the Dravidian language family. Due to their amiable nature, these Oraon tribes live in close association with their adjoining tribes like Munda tribe. In fact the chief of the Oraon tribes is called as Munda.

If one dissects the Oraon society, it can be segregated into several sub castes. These include Kudas (navvies) and Kisans (cultivators). Beyond this, Oraon tribes abide by the village and clan exogamy. The patrilineal extended family is the supreme residential unit, and also nuclear families are also prevalent. Traditionally, Oraons are dependent on forest and farms for their livelihood. Few members of Oraon tribal group have immigrated to the north-eastern part of the country where they are employed in the various tea estates.

Following the practice of several tribes of India, these Oraon tribes follow the trend of sending the youths to the dormitories. These dorms are called dhumkuria. Boys are marked on the arm before being allowed in to this establishment. They practice shifting cultivation. Although hunting profession was given due importance in this tribal community, it has become only an affair as part of the ceremonial event in later years. Moreover, nowadays, a special hunting ceremony also is feted exclusively for women folks of Oraon society. It is observed every twelve years.

Those anthropologists who have conducted surveys on Oraon tribes and its various aspects of culture and tradition, have unanimously came to the conclusion that these tribes are religious minded mostly following the customs of Hinduism. What is interesting to note that nowhere else in India these deities are being worshipped. Only a small section of people, near about twenty five percent, follow Christianity. The culture of Oraon tribe comprises a wide range of folk songs, traditional musical instruments, dances and tales. Both male and female members of the tribal group participate in dance forms that are performed at social festivals and other events.

(Last Updated on : 19/08/2010)
More Articles in Tribes of West Bengal  (33)
 
Munda Tribe  (18)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Tribals
Pasi
Pasi is an aboriginal race of India and are mainly distributed over the northern region of the country. The traditional occupation of Pasi is the extraction of sap from palm trees.
Aoling Festival
Aoling festival is celebrated by the Konyak tribe of Nagaland in which the exquisite cultural heritage of the tribe are cherished. The occasion also marks the recollection of ancient traditions prevailing among the tribal people.
Godna Art
Godna art is a form of body tattooing extensively used by the tribals of Chhattisgarh for adorning themselves.
Chedi
Cedis were a tribe of the Vedic Age. In the period of Mahabharata Cedis had appeared as one of the prominent tribes of India.
Partiyatras
Pratiyaras are closely associated with the Pratiyara Mountains. They are also closely associated with the Vindhyas.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Tribals
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Society
 
 
Oraon Tribe, West Bengal - Informative & researched article on Oraon Tribe, West Bengal
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.