(Last Updated on : 09/01/2017)
The Seven Sister states of North East are the contiguous states of Arunachal Pradesh
. Except for Assam and Tripura, the region has a predominantly tribal
population. Tribal women
, headbands, bracelets and belts not just as an embellishment, but also as a sign of prestige as they believe that jewellery enhances their womanhood. Jewellery
is also a form of distinguishing each tribe.
Tribal Jewellery of Arunachal Pradesh
There are around 20 major tribes and sub-tribes in Arunachal Pradesh
. These tribes are famous for exquisite jewellery made from materials such as beads, wild seeds, feathers of birds, green wings of beetles, brass, bones, ivory, silver and gold
. The Wancho tribe
creates earrings made out of bamboo, cane, glass beads, seeds, and reed. The Karka Gallong
tribal group wears metal coin necklaces and leather waistbands with stones. Nishi
tribesmen have a unique headdress decorated with feathers of the great hornbill
bird. The Apatani tribe
is the only group that forges iron bracelets made by the blacksmiths.
Tribal Jewellery of Assam
Assam has a rich tradition of manufacturing gold jewellery
dating back several centuries. A tribe called Sonowal Kacharis was involved in gold extraction from the rivers
. The Assamese tribal jewellery design mostly depicts local floral and fauna. The designs are simple but use gemstones
such as ruby
Tribal Jewellery of Manipur
The jewelleries of Manipur exhibit real rich traditions. Precious metals like gold and silver go into the making of Manipuri jewelleries. Every jewellery piece is marked by precision, intricacy and elaborate designs. Women from Manipur are fond of wearing their most traditional jewelleries like Likchow or Kantha, Khownappi, Liksoi and many more.
Tribal Jewellery of Meghalaya
Tribal Jewellery in Meghalaya is so important that it is worn both by men and women. Skillfully crafted ornaments of gold, silver and beads form part of Meghalayas rich costumes. The gold beads are hollow spheres filled with lac.
Tribal Jewellery of Mizoram
About 95 percent of current Mizoram population is of diverse tribal origins. This is the highest concentration of tribal people among all states of India. The Mizo tribals make use of shells, bones, animal claws, teeth and semi-precious stones for jewellery.
Tribal Jewellery of Nagaland
Jewellery is an important part of Naga
identity, with the entire tribe wearing similar bead jewellery. Nagas use beads with variety, profusion and complexity in their jewellery, along with a wide range of materials, including glass, shell, stone, teeth or tusk, claws, horns, metal, bone, wood, seeds, hair and fibre.
Tribal Jewellery of Sikkim
Sikkimese tribal jewellery depicts different tastes of the 3 ethnic groups of the state. Lepcha
men dont wear any jewellery except amulets given by monks. Bhutia
women wear necklaces of various designs. All ornaments are made of gold and studded with precious stones and dzi.
Tribal Jewellery of Tripura
speaking Tripuri people
are the major group among 19 tribes and many sub-tribes. Jewellery making is an essential form of Tripuras arts and crafts
. The tribals use various materials such as bronze, silver and copper
to make ornaments like necklaces, earrings
, nose rings and bangles. The most well-known of Tripura jewellery is necklace made with coins.