(Last Updated on : 27/09/2019)
Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
form the major part of demography of Arunachal Pradesh. It is one of the largest states of north east which provides habitation to at least 20 tribal groups who are scattered in the huge state. The tribal people of this region are adept in making baskets
, smithy work, weaving
, wood carving
The Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh largely include the tribes of Adis
, Hrusso, Singphos
, Yobin, Khambas
, Bori, Bokar, Galo
etc. Some of them have been detailed below:
The Adis have two main divisions, the Bogum and Bomis, and under each there are a number of sub-tribes. By nature, the Adis are democratic and organized. Their village council is called Kebang. Their villages
are usually situated on the spurs of hills. Adi women are very good weavers.
The Apatanis are settled agriculturists. They inhabit the valley around Ziro
-the headquarters of Lower Subansiri district
. They are good cultivators and practice both wet and terrace cultivation.
: The Buguns are also agriculturists and perform a number of rites and ceremonies for their welfare. By nature, they are gentle, hospitable and affectionate people.
They were related with the Ahom
Kings. They have a custom of painting their face with black marks. The Hrusso is mainly involved in the trades of cloth, blankets, swords, etc.
The Singphos reside on the banks of Tengapani and Noa Dehang rivers
. They are agriculturists and expert blacksmiths. The Singpho women are good weavers.
Mishmis form the bulk of the population of Lohit, Upper Dibang Valley
and Lower Dibang Valley districts
. They are divided into three main groups including Idus or Chulikatas, Digarus or Taroan and Mijus or Kaman. Agriculture
is the main occupation of Mishmis. However, they are also good traders. The chief items of trade are deer
mask, wild medicinal plants
The Nyishis are the largest groups of people inhabiting the major part of Lower Subansiri district
. The men of this tribe keep their hair long and tie it in a knot just above the forehead. They wear cane bands around the waist. This tribe believes that after death, the spirit of a dead travels to the village of the ancestors.
The Sherdukpens are a small tribe and their religion is a blend of Mahayana Buddhism
and tribal magic-religious beliefs. They are good agriculturist but trade is their main interest.
The Tagins are main inhabitant of Upper Subansiri district
is their main occupation.
It is believed that the Khamtis have migrated from the Shan states of Burma. They are Buddhists (Hinayana
cult) by religion
and bury the dead in a coffin.
The western part of Tirap district
, bordering Nagaland
, is inhabited by the Wanchos. The society of this tribe is divided into four classes including Wanghams, Wangpana, Wangaue and Wangaas. The law and order of the society is maintained by a village council. Tattooing is a social custom among them.
The Noctes are settled in the central part of Tirap to the east of the Wanchos. They profess Vaishnavism
. The tribe is noted as salt
The Yobin is a small group of people inhabiting the remote easternmost corner of the Tirap district. They are also called Lisus
Khamba and Memba Tribes:
The Khambas and Membas inhabit the northern part of West Siang. They are Buddhist by religion. Agricultural is their main occupation.