(Last Updated on : 28/07/2011)
Sadhana of Goddess Chinnamasta is primarily based on the texts and manuals compiled by different people. They are designed to assist the devotees to pay their worship to the goddess. In tantrism goddess Chinnamasta is regarded one of the prime deities of worship. Chhinnamasta is related to the concept of self-sacrifice as well as the awakening of the kundalini i.e. spiritual energy. She is considered both as a symbol of self-control on sexual desire as well as an embodiment of sexual energy, depending upon interpretation. She symbolizes both aspects of Devi: a life-giver and a life-taker.
Tantra in Hinduism
is primarily a method or practise rather than a specific philosophy. It is actually concerned with the development and implementation of effective methods which would help the practitioner to accomplish liberation from cyclic of birth and rebirth. Tantra incorporates theological and philosophical beliefs from non tantric Hinduism and Buddhism but its emphasis is actual practise. Tantric practitioners perform one or more practises, utilising Tantric methods to attain siddhis, as well as ultimate goal, liberation. Although the texts and methods are both varied and vast, Tantric practitioners follow particular texts or methods dedicated by their spiritual teacher.
Spiritual Practise of Goddess Chinnamasta
Spiritual practises also known as Sadhanas comprises of two broad groups, Yoga
and ritual worship or puja. Ritual worship can be divided into three kinds: those performed daily known as nitya puja, those performed on particular dates known as naimittika puja and those performed for the fulfilment of a special desire or for averting misfortune known as kamya puja. In the Chinnamasta Sadhanas the chief focus remains on the daily ritual worship i.e. nitya puja but some naimittika and kamya pujas are also performed.
There are different manuals and texts for worshipping Goddess Chinnamastika. The Sakta Pramoda is one such manual that was compiled by king Devanandanasimha of Muzaffarpur
during the nineteenth century. This is considered as one of the well known manuals that is used by the practitioners. The manual relates various tantric rituals for the performance of each of the Ten Mahavidyas
along with the five main deities also known as pancha devata. The five deities are Kumari, Lord Shiva
, Lord Ganesha
, Lord Surya
and Lord Vishnu. Apart from the Sakta Pramoda another text prescribed for tantric rituals is the Pracandacandika section of the tantrasara. This was written in the sixteenth century by Krsnanabda Agamavagiasa. The Pracandacandika bears resemblance to the Sakta Pramoda that relates about the pujavidhih. Sri Chinnamasta Nityarcana written by Sri Swamiji Maharaj is yet another text composed for assisting practitioners in their regular worship of Goddess Chinnamasta.