(Last Updated on : 27/09/2014)
Kirtan dance is one of the most common folk-dances
performed in the West Bengal
state of India. Kirtan involves chanting hymns or mantras
while dancing to the accompaniment of certain instruments. Also in Sanskrit
the verb 'Krit' means praising. Kirtan dance is related to the worship of Lord Vishnu
and has great antiquity attached to it. This dance
was given its proper form by the great religious revivalist, Chaitanya
Deva. The person who performs this dance is called as a kirtankar or, colloquially, a kirtaneer.
Feature of Kirtan Dance
The most outstanding feature of the kirtan dance is that it can be performed by members of the whole village
without any distinction on the basis of caste, class or religion. Thus the rich and poor, young and old, zamindar and tenant all freely participate in it.
Performance of Kirtan Dance
The dance is quite simple with the devotees forming a ring and moving round in a circular pattern raising and lowering their hands with the beating of the musical instruments.
Musical Instruments and
Generally, two types of musical instruments
are used to accompany the dance performance which includes Khol and drum
Spiritual Sentiments of Kirtan Dance
This dance has great spiritual fervour attached to it. In it the spiritual sentiments of the dancers rise up to the surface level and conclude with a feeling of religious ecstasy. At times this dance is performed through a procession taken through the village. Such type of dance is known as called 'Nagar-Kirtan'.
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