Patan, Gujarat - Informative & researched article on Patan, Gujarat
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Cities


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
States of India|Indian Cities|Beaches of India|Hill Stations in India|Forests in India
Home > Travel > Indian Cities > Cities of India > Cities of Gujarat > Patan
Patan, Gujarat
Patan was the capital of Gujarat in the medieval period. Known for its historical sites it is one of the well known sites in Gujarat. Surrounded with a number of temples, dargahs, mosques and other historical sites this is one of the most attractive sights in Gujarat which is often visited by the tourists of Gujarat.
 
 Patan, GujaratPatan is one of the oldest cities of Gujarat. Founded in 745 AD by Vanjraj Chavda- a prominent ruler of Chavda kingdom, this was originally known as Anhipur Patan or Anhilwad Patan. Surrounded with a number of temples and decorative dargahs this place is also known for carrying the replica of an age old city of Anhilpur which is also known as Anahilpatak, Anahipatan, Anahilpur, Anahilvad Patan, Patan etc.

Patan was one of the most prominent cities of ancient India. This place was one of the richest cities of the west coast. It reached its zenith of imperial greatness when it extended the territory in all directions. Anhilpur or Patan was extended to cover the Saurashtra and Kutch in the west, Lata in the south, Malwa in the east and eastern and southern Rajasthan in the north. This for the first time gave a complete structure of present day Gujarat which is tenth largest city of India.

Patan played a major role during the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. Muhammad Ghori had to face severe defeat in the hands of a little boy who challenges the Central Asian invader under the instructions and guidance of his mother Naikidevi. Both inflicted a crushing and conclusive defeat on Muhammad Ghori after which Muhammad Ghori did not dare to cross the boundaries of Gujarat in all his life time. The battle was fought in Kayadra near Mount Abu. The city of Patan stood gloriously till 1200 when Muhhamad's general and later on Sultan of Delhi Qutub -ud- din Aybak sacked the city in 1200 -1210.The city was finally thrashed by Ala-ud-din Khilji, in 1298.

After the severe ruin the modern city of Patan developed near the ruins of Anhilwara. It continued to remain a major city during the medieval period. It was developed as the Suba Head quarters of Delhi sultanate which was later on developed as the capital city of Gujarat under the Delhi Sultanate. In order to secure one of the richest subas of Delhi Sultanate the sultanate developed a number of attractive forts which massive gates. These forts stand intact till the present. The old fort of Hindu kingdom is almost vanquished and only a part of the old city exists between wall that can be seen while going towards Kalka and Rani ki Vav. In 1411 Sultan Ahmed shah shifted the capital to Ahmedabad. Patan continued to remain a major part of the Maratha state till it was annexed to the Indian subcontinent after Independence.

Patan has been a popular city of ancient India which is known for a number of historical sights. The place is mainly known for Rani Ki Vav which is further surrounded with a number of historical sights. During the period of Solankis or the Chalukyas the famous Rani ki Vav was constructed. It is mainly known for the rich sculptures. Though not much detail is available yet it is believed that this Vav was constructed in the memory of Bhimdev I in AD 1022 to 1063 who was the son of Mularaja the founder of the Solanki Dynasty. Rani ki Vav is mainly known for some of the well built sculptures and fine carvings. This is a living example of superior architecture which attracts the tourist every time. Though the major part of the Vav has turned into ruin the remaining part is glorious enough to define the cultural heritage of the place. Built with some exceptionally carved pannels and carved pillars this is one of the most decorative sites of Patan. Along with Rani Ki Vav the ancient city is surrounded with some more historical monuments and religious places. It includes some of the age old shrines of Lord Shiva and a number of mosques which are mainly known its beautiful architecture and decorative sculpture that depicts the heritage of Saurashtra.

Thus known as an ancient city of Gujarat this place attracts a number of visitors who get enchanted with the marvellous forts, Vavs or stepped wells that is the speciality of Gujarat architecture, talavs and the places of worship. All these depict an eminent part of architectural skill and superior craftsmanship which attract the visitors.

(Last Updated on : 29/04/2011)
More Articles in Cities of Gujarat  (91)
 
Junagadh  (2)
 
Udvada  (2)
 
Vadnagar  (2)
 
Vadodara  (1)
 
Bavla  
 
Bodeli  
 
 
Dhola  
 
Dholka  
 
 
Dhrol  
 
 
 
Mundra  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Okha  
 
 
 
Anjar  
 
 
Patan  
 
Adalaj  
 
Bhuj  
 
 
Lothal  
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Cities
Tourism in Thiruvananthapuram
Tourism in Thiruvananthapuram is a combination of various enticing experiences including savouring of natural beauty, visiting the religious refuges and exploring the diverse aspects of the city.
Botanical Garden and Nature Park
Botanical Garden and Nature Park of Chandigarh shelters and nurtures enormous variety of plants and preserves the natural heritage of India. It is divided into fifteen sections where cultivation and conservation of different species are done.
Sriharikota Island
Sriharikota Island, also called Sriharikot is a barrier island off the coast of the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.
Kekaya
Kekaya is an ancient city, now Punjab
Noorichan Wildlife Sanctuary
Noorichan Wildlife Sanctuary is the abode of a wide variety of Ladakhi animals and plants.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Cities
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Travel
 
 
Patan, Gujarat - Informative & researched article on Patan, Gujarat
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.