(Last Updated on : 11/07/2014)
Monasteries of Sikkim are popular place of worship for the Buddhist monks who reside in Sikkim
. These monasteries mainly follow the Nyingma and Kagyu order of Buddhism
. There are about 200 big and small monasteries which not only depict the cultural heritage and life style of Buddhists in Sikkim but also preach the ancient rituals of Buddhism. These are mainly established by the well known and most revered monks who lay the foundation of these monasteries.
Monasteries of Sikkim are mainly known for upholding the tradition folk culture through the monk dances and mask dances that take place according to the calendar of ancient Tibet. Decorated with frescos of Buddhist legends, rare silk and brocade fabric these are some of the most colourful sites in Sikkim. Established during the 17th and 18th century these monasteries are mainly known for their architecture as well as their religious practices.
Monasteries of Sikkim mainly follow the Nyingma and Kadyug order. This relates Sikkim with ancient Tibet. Among these Nyingma is among the four ancient Schools of Tibetan Buddhism. The word Nyingma itself means 'ancient'. This was the first school to translate the Sanskrit versions into Tibetan language. The Tibetan language and grammar was created for this endeavour which now concentrates only in Kham district of Tibet. The Kagyu School of Buddhist tradition was established with almost the same object. The Kagyu School concentrates on the oral lineage of the Buddhist mantras. This is among the four ancient schools of Tibetan Buddhism. These two are the most prominent schools which lay the foundation of all the 200 monasteries in India.
Monasteries of Sikkim include Tashiding Monastery, Dubdi Monastery, Pemayangtse Monastery, Enchey monastery and Phensang monastery which were mainly established in the 17th and 18th centuries. Along with these there are some small monasteries like Sanga Chelling monastery, Khechopari monastery, Melli monastery, Sinon monastery, Dalling monastery, Yangyang monastery, Namchi monastery, Kwezing monastery, Simik monastery, Hee Gyathang monastery, Lingtem monastery, Chawang ani monastery, Rhenock monastery, Khatok monastery, Bermoik monastery, Lachen monastery, Lachung monastery, Sang monastery, Ralang monastery which was established slowly and gradually in the following years.