(Last Updated on : 19/09/2013)
Wood carving is an accepted art as the main component wood is easily available to them. It is largely used for houses, doors, cases, marriage posts, musical instruments and many other household items. Sculpture is primarily carving. All carving is sculpture and wood was probably the earliest material to be carved upon. Wood carving may vary from floral, traditional motifs to geometrical and abstract patterns. Wood carving in India is a traditional art that has been passed on by master craftsmen through generations.
Carving wooden handicrafts is a laborious process as great attention needs to be paid to minute details.
Carving involves shaping wood to make objects of utility and chiseling parts of wood to form intricate designs, with the help of hand tools. Most of the tribal people live for the most part in mountains and forests. Therefore, it is not surprising that they have used wood for many purposes since ages. The sal, teak, Mahua are the chief products of these forests. Tribals utilize these woods for carving. Their tools and implements are simple and few. Axe, adze, chisel, saw and sometimes trying-plane are used for wood carving. Posts and musical instruments are generally carved in round shape.
In most of the wood carvings few motifs like decorative geometrical patterns, animals, birds, human forms and trees are found. There are many types of wood carving - they are the door carving, decorative carving and representational Carving.
Wood carving is a traditional craft among the tribal communities of Arunachal Pradesh
. The main centre for wood carving is the Wancho area of Tirap district
. They make figure heads, warriors, miniature crafts and figurines. The tribals reveal poise in this field. The tribals make exquisite wooden vessels. The Monpa tribe
and Khamti tribe
practice woodcarving. The woodwork of the north-eastern tribes is known locally as kumisyng. The wood carvings of the tribal areas of Madhya Pradesh
include doors, window frames, marriage-litters, wedding pillars, tobacco cases and pipes.