(Last Updated on : 25/01/2011)
The Angami Naga Tribes are found in the Jotsoma village of Kohima district. According to the Angamis, their native place was Myanmar. Their ancestors migrated from Myanmar to Nagaland in Mao village. Thereafter, they advanced to Kohima district
and were divided into three groups and migrated to different places of Nagaland. The Angamis belong to the mongoloid race. They speak their own language though they do not have a script of their own. Naganese language has become the spoken language which has originated with the combination of Assamese, Bengali, Hindi and Nepali languages. Angamis were divided into Kepezoma and Kepepfuma. According to a legend they descended from two brothers who came up out of the earth.
Administration of Angami Naga Tribe
Each village has a village council which consists of seven elder members who are elected by the villagers. Gaon Burha is head of the council. The elected members are recognised by the Nagaland Government.
Society of Angami Naga Tribe
Nowadays monogamous marriages have been accepted though the males are free to marry more than one woman. Cross cousin marriage is rampant among the Angami tribes. The role of the women is imperative to the society as they are the main source of income. Among the Angami Nagas youth dormitory is known as Morung. Lkhuichi is the name of the dormitory of the boys while girl's dormitory is known as Lloichi. Morung has vanished due to the impact of Christianity
. The Angami society is patriarchal and patrilineal. Youngest son inherits the maximum amount of land and other properties and other male children are given a share in the property required for their living.
Occupation of Angami Naga Tribe
Angamis are agriculturists. Shifting or Jhum cultivation is practiced among this tribe. Animal husbandry has also become one of the basic occupations. They follow traditional economy and depend upon land forests. They live in concentrated groups and their society structure is rural in character. The agricultural products are produced collectively. Besides this they engage themselves in weaving, black smithy and other handicrafts to meet their daily requirement during off season. Weaving is a developed traditional household industry. Women are the expert and skill weavers. The Angamis are skilled in handicrafts like bamboo works, cane works, wood works and pottery and so on.
Religion of Angami Naga Tribe
Most of the Angami tribes have accepted Christian religion. Christianity has brought about tremendous change in their life. Those Angamis who have not converted to Christian religion follow a different lifestyle. Most of the festivals are communal and individual in character. The converted Angamis celebrate these festivals as a part of their traditional culture. The village was a land of animism. This religion does exist in its traditional form. The festival of cultivation is the symbol of the end of sowing and growing of all seeds and paddy of a year.
Culture of Angami Naga Tribe
Dance and songs are an essential part of the Angami tribes. On every religious and social occasion, the villagers gather together to sing and dance. Dance and songs are associated with the expression of joy after the agricultural activities, for a good harvest, on the success of hunting expedition, expression of joy in festivals. There are other dances like spear dance, bamboo dance and harvest dance. Harvesting dance is a dance which is celebrated in three days. Different songs are sung mostly historical, warring, romantic and seasonal events.