(Last Updated on : 30/03/2009)
Bhubaneswar, the modern capital of Orissa is known as "Temple Metropolis of India". The temples of Bhubeneshwar bear witness to the comprehensive history of the Orissan style of temple architecture. Bhubaneswar is known for its architecture and ancient temples. The 46 meter high Lingaraj Temple marks the zenith of temple tradition of Bhubaneswar. Bhubaneshwar is a place that attracts pilgrims. To the east of Bubaneshwar are situated the famous Sun temple of Konark and the Jagannath Temple of Puri.
History of Bhubaneshwar
The history of Bhubaneshwar can be traced back to 2000 years. Emperor Kharavela established his capital in Sisupalgarh, which is located on the periphery of the city. The inscriptions on Udayagiri caves and Khandagiri caves bear evidence to the antiquity of the place. The plan of the city was made by Otto H. Koenigsberger, a German. Its many temples, displaying every phase of Orissan architecture were built in the 7th-16th century.
The past of Bhubaneshwar is uniquely linked with its modern aspirations. Bhubaneshwar forms an integral link in the Golden Triangle that incorporates the holy city of Puri and Konark. It was in the 11th Century that the Lingaraj Temple of old Bhubaneswar was built.
Just 8km from Bhubaneswar is situated Dhauli, the plains that bore witness to the gruesome war waged on Kalinga by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka. It was here that King Ashoka, full of remorse after the Kalinga War in 261 BC, renounced his ferocious war and turned to Buddhism. Ashoka erected two main edicts in Kalinga, one in Dhauli and the other in Jayagarh.
Geography of Bhubaneshwar
Bhubaneshwar is located in the eastern coastal plains of Orissa on the banks of river Mahanadi. Bhubaneswar is situated between 21° 15` North Latitude 85° 15` Longitude at an altitude of 45 meters above sea level, the average temperatures range between 15 °C in the winter to a maximum of 40 °C to 45 °C in the summer. The average rainfall is 150 cm. It is in June that the city faces southeast monsoons.
Demographics of Bhubaneshwar
As per 2001 census, Bhubaneswar had a population of 647,302. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. The city
Tourist Attractions of Bhubaneshwar
The major attractions of Bhubaneshwar are:
Khandagiri & Udayagiri (Jain Heritage)
Transportation of Bhubaneshwar
Bhubaneswar is connected to the major cities of India by means of air and road. Biju Patnaik Airport is the only major airport in the state. An international airport will be launched in 2010. Bhubaneswar is well-connected to other major Indian cities by highway.
Fairs & Festivals of Bhubaneshwar
Shahid Nagar Durga Puja
Nayapalli Durga Puja
Rasulgarh Durga Puja
For complete business listing of Bhubaneshwar visit Bhubaneshwar Yellowpages