Bharangi, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Bharangi, Indian Medicinal Plant
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Medicinal Plants > Bharangi
Bharangi, Indian Medicinal Plant
Bharangi is an Indian medicinal plant which is found almost in all parts of the country and grows to a height of about 2.4 meters.
 
 Bharangi, Indian Medicinal PlantBharangi is an Indian shrub which is 2.4 meters tall and is found through out India. This Indian Medicinal Plant is found more or less throughout India, in forests up to 1500m altitude. It is reported to be rare and endangered in Gujarat. India’s use of plants for health care dates back close to 5000 years. About 8000 herbal remedies have been identified in the Ayurveda, which are still in use. Bharangi is widely used in many disorders due to its various medicinal activities.

Different names of Bharangi
The Botanical name of this shrub is "Clerodendrum Serratum (L.) Moon". Some of the other common names by which this medicinal plant of India is called include "Bamanhati" in Bengali, "Bharangi" and "Duma" in Hindi, "Cherutekku", "Kantani", "Napalu" and "Kankabharnni" in Malayalam, "Chinda" and "Penjura" in Oriya, "Angaravalli", "Kandubarangi", "Chirudekku", "Sirudekku" and "Vadamadakki" in Tamil, "Bharungi" in Gujarati, "Kiritekki" and "Bharangi" in Kannada, "Bharang", "Bhargi", "Bharangi" and "Bharngi" in Sanskrit, "Bharangi" in Urdu and "Chiruteka", "Bharangi", "Gantubarangi" and "Panja" in Telugu.
Bharangi, Indian Medicinal Plant
Characteristic Features of Bharangi
Bharangi is a scarcely woody shrub which is 2.4 meters tall with bluntly and quadrangular stems. The young parts of the stem are normally smooth. The leaves of this medicinal plant are whorled and opposite, usually 12 to 15 cm long and 5.7 to 6.3 cm wide, elliptic or oblong, apex acute, margins coarsely and sharply serrate, glabrous, base acute; petioles very stout, 0.6 mm long. Flowers of Bharangi are pale blue in colour, numerous, in lax pubescent dichotomous cymes in the axil of a large, leafy, pubescent bract 1.3 to 3.8 cm long, the cymes collectively forming a large, pyramidal, terminal panicle; calyx 5 mm long, cup-shaped, truncate, not enlarged in fruit, lobes very small, triangular; corolla tube 1 cm long, cylindrical, hairy within at the base, the two upper and two lateral lobes are elliptic, obtuse, flat, spreading, about 1 cm long, the lower lobe lip-like, more than 1.3 cm long, concave, deflexed. Fruits of this shrub are purple in colour when ripe. Fruits are 0.6 cm long, broadly obovoid, somewhat succulent, normally 4-lobed with 1 pyrene in each lobe.

Medicinal Values of Bharangi
In the Ayurvedic and Unani medicine in India, the roots of Bharangi are highly valued as a specific remedy for respiratory diseases. They are considered antispasmodic, expectorant, carminative, febrifuge and tonic. In Ayurveda, they are used to treat coryza, anasarca, cough, epilepsy, dyspnoea and intermittent fevers. In Siddha, the roots of this medicinal plant and its leaves are used to treat fever, asthma, dropsy, coryza and mental disorders. They are also used in traditional medicine to treat dyspepsia and rheumatism, and to relieve cold symptoms. The leaves are also used as a febrifuge; boiled in butter and oil; the leaves of this plant are made into an ointment used to treat ophthalmia and headache. The bruised seeds, boiled in buttermilk are used as an aperient.

(Last Updated on : 22/05/2015)
More Articles in Indian Medicinal Plants  (262)
 
 
 
Kandla  
 
Mahul  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sarmal  
 
 
 
Chaksu  
 
Gabur  
 
 
 
 
Shami  
 
Aila  
 
 
 
Sirisa  
 
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Trikosaki
Trikosaki, the medicinal plant of India are used for the treatment of vertigo, toothache, piles and tuberculosis.
Oak
Oak is a large tree which is found in plenty in the Himalayan regions. The primary use of its timber is as fuel and the leaves of this tree is the best fodder.
Biskandri
Biskandri is a small perennial herb that is found across India. It has got very good Ayurvedic medicinal properties and is a chief ingredient in the preparation of over a hundred Ayurvedic formulations.
Golden Champa
Golden Champa tree contains some highly scented yellow flowers which are popular among the women.
Wild Almond Tree in India
‘Wild Almond’ is a tall, straight tree. The scientific name of the tree is ‘Sterculia Foetida’. They have a variety in their leaf-shape.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Bharangi, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Bharangi, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.