(Last Updated on : 30/05/2013)
First and foremost, Ayurveda
defines that a vast range of differences exist among the human beings. Physiologically the responses of life vary tremendously. Same stimuli or exact influences seem to produce desperate and opposite reactions in people. It is very common for people to experience same results from totally opposite influences. In Ayurveda, when a vast array of the mental, physical and emotional responses are observed in several light of theories of Tridosha and Panchabhuta
Ayurveda refers to the doshic constitution of the body as 'prakruti'. It means nature. Ayurveda uses the term prakruti in order to denote both the individual nature and the whole of nature. It actually underscores the close association that according to Ayurveda exists between an individual and the totality of life.
Ayurveda emphasizes on the fact that thorough knowledge of prakruti helps in recognizing the unique style of functioning in this world. After acquiring this knowledge one can identify with the specific responsibility that can actually optimize the connection to the nature by avoiding influences that bring ill-health and unhappiness. Prakruti or doshic balance basically provides a comprehensive understanding of the relationship of an individual with the outer world. It also offers an individual profile of the tendencies and predispositions that determine not only the physical functioning but also the mental and emotional characteristics of an individual.
In Ayurveda, it is clearly stated that the concept of prakruti includes everything about an individual right from physical structure, hair colour, complexion, appetite, digestive capacity and stamina. Moreover, it also describes mental perception, emotional reactions and general personality of an individual. Most importantly, the concept of prakruti or nature describes the truest nature of any person and it actually defines an individual's most optimal way of being in life. Prakruti also explains the ways in which the environment influences the existence of human beings.
Prakruti or nature of an individual is determined by the balance of doshas with which one is born. For the major part, it is actually described as a proper blend of the doshic constitutions of the parents. This specific doshic balance defines our interactions with the outer world. The proportion of doshas decides the greatest strengths and talents. Ayurveda defines that when an individual know his/her prakruti, then he/she can take the maximum advantage out of them. A person lives his life in accord with the innate constitution and individual nature is perfectly accustomed to that of the nature and ideal health results. It is important to achieve the life purpose or dharma and achieve maximum satisfaction and happiness in life.
Ayurveda also describes the concept of imbalance of the body that is the 'vikruti'. The inborn doshic structure often gets distorted or obscured by imbalances or vikruti. Excessive functioning of the strongest dosha constitutes the most common cause of imbalance. When a particular dosha is comparatively more prominent then it does not take much environmental stimulus to aggravate it. The imbalance which obscures the natural, optimum relationship of the doshas is called vikruti, which means "out of nature".
arises when there is a predominance of one or more doshas that is not natural to the constitution. When the improper relationship exists among the doshas, ama begins to form which damages the dhatus and impairs elimination of the natural by-products or the undigested food particles.
Ayurveda defines the vikruti as a condition that arises out of an incorrect relationship with the environment. Vikruti occurs when any person expose himself/herself to some harmful inputs like improper food, inappropriate sensory stimuli or any type of stressful activities, etc. These negative influences cause physical, emotional and mental stress and overwhelm the system. It distorts the optimum dynamic relationship among the doshas.
Prakruti in Ayurveda is critically important as it influences each and every sphere of life. It motivates the proper sense and awareness of positive tendencies of human nature.