Ayurvedic Concept of Disease
The Ayurvedic concept of disease explains pathological condition in terms of doshas, dhatus and malas. The Ayurvedic concept of disease defines two terms, Vikruti and Prakruti. Vikruti is the abnormal or diseased condition of the body while Prakruti refers to the normal physiological and mental state.
Causative Factors of a Disease According to Ashtanga Ayurveda, the causative factors of a disease are an imbalance in any or more of the Tridoshas, the seven dhatus, agni and the three malas. The imbalance may be caused by the following conditions: Asatmendriyarth Samyog, Aama, Pradnyaparadha and Parinama.
Classification of Disease in Ayurveda
Diseases can affect both the physical structure (internal and external parts of the body) and the mind. Classification of Diseases in Ayurveda is done after taking many aspects into consideration, such as – similar characteristics, causative factors, numbers, Dosha involvement etc. The texts of Ayurveda suggest that diseases are also classified according to the underlying cause – whether it is psychological, physiological or an external factor. Such an intensive classification system facilitates proper treatment of diseases.