(Last Updated on : 17/04/2009)
Home to the magnificent world famous Har Mandar Sahib (Golden Temple) founded by Guru Ramdas the 4th Guru Amritsar is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. Arjun Dev who also enshrined in it holy book of Sikhs Guru Granth Sahib. Amritsar is the most important seat of sikh history and culture, trade centre & also the gateway for travellers coming to india on the overland route through Pakistan. Amritsar, literally meaning "holy pool of nectar" is an important seat of Sikh history and culture.
The Golden Temple, Durgiana Mandir, Jallianwala Bagh, Company Bagh, Gobindgarh Fort, Gurdwara Shaheed Baba Deep Singh, Sarai Amanat Khan, Museum of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Guru Nanak Dev University, Khalsa College in the city.
Gurdwara Khadoor Sahib, Gurdwara Chheharta Sahib,
Gurdwara Goindwal Sahib, Gurdwara Tarn Taran Sahib, Gurdwara Dera Baba Nanak, Gurdwara Baba Bakala, Gurdwara Chowk Mehta, Dera Baba Jaimal Singh (Radha Swami Sect), within a radius of about 50 Kms.
At the time of Sunset, a visit to Wagha Border (at a distance of 28 Kms.) is an interesting experience while Retreat takes place when Indian and Pakistan border troops put up a coordinated and spectacular display, comparing favourably with Londons changing of the Guard. Taxis can be hired from the city for the return trip.Harike Pattan on the outskirts of the city is National Wetland and Wild Life Sanctuary at the confluence of Beas and Sutlej rivers.
It is the entrance to the shopping hub of Amritsar - Hall Bazaar, which also popularly known as Hall Gate. It`s a typical maharaja type gate with a clock and a Glow sign which reads "Amritsar - Sifti Da Ghar".
Hall Bazaar is the main shopping place in Amritsar.From Electronics products, Watches, Readymade Garments to daily used household products it is a one-stop place for shoppers.
At the end of Hall Bazaar, one finds a beautiful pink coloured building. This building is the office of Municipal Corporation of Amritsar.
Jallianwala Bagh Memorial
This historical place is now a memorial park with a museum. Hundreds of innocent people were killed and thousands injured when General Dyer started firing in a general gathering of Indians against Britishers. Even today, the bullet marks on walls of the building exists.
Other places to visit . . .
Just adjacent to the Golden Temple is the Jallianwala Bagh. It is a memento of the Freedom Struggle. It was at this site that hundreds of people were shot down by General Dyer. This brutal massacre of over 2000 innocent unarmed people, on the orders of a British General on April 13, 1919 highlights the atrocities performed by the British on Indians.
Durgiana Temple, outside the Lohagarh gate of the old city, is dedicated to Goddess Durga, and is a centre of pilgrimage for devout Hindus. Other attractions are Ram Bagh Garden, encircling the palace of the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh; Fort Gobind Garh, which was built by Ranjit Singh in 1805-09; Baba Atal Rai Tower; Baba Bakale, a gurudwara dedicated to Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs and Taran Taran, a gurudwara in the memory of Guru Ram Das.
Amritsar is connected by Indian Airlines flights to Delhi, Srinagar and Chandigarh twice a week. There is a weekly flight to Kabul. Amritsar is connected with direct trains to Delhi, Calcutta, Mumbai, Puri, Nagpur, Jammu and other cities of India. The important trains include Frontier Mail to Mumbai, Shatabadi Express to Delhi, Utkal Express to Puri and Howrah Mail to Calcutta. There are bi-weekly trains to Pakistan. There is a vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, UP, J&K, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators. Important destinations include Delhi, Shimla, Chandigarh, Dehradun, Rishikesh, Kulu, Manali, Dharmshala, Dalhousie and Jammu.
Amritsar is connected by Indian Airlines flights to Delhi and Srinagar. There is a weekly flight to Birmingham and Kabul. Rajasansi airport is not far from the city and taxis are available for the transfers.
Amritsar is connected with direct trains to delhi , Calcutta , Mumbai , Puri, and other places. The important ones include the Frontier Mail to Mumbai, Shatabdi Express to Delhi and Utkal Express to Puri. There are twice-weekly runs by Lahore Express, the train to Pakistan. Amritsar Railway station provides amenities including Retiring room and refreshment rooms. Taxis are available outside the station.
There is vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal , Delhi . Haryana, PEPSU, Chandigarh, U.P , J& K , Rajasthan state roadways, apart from private operators. Importanat destinations include Delhi, Shimla , Chandigarh , Dehradun , Rishikesh , Kullu, Manali and Jammu . Taxis are also available, but not everywhere. They stand outside the airport and railway station. There are autorickshaws and cycle rickshaws are also very common for local transfers.
Hotels & Accomodation
Amritsar has a wide variety of accommodation options available. Some good hotels of Amritsar include, Mohan International Hotel (Tel: 183-227801-8, Fax: 226520), Ritz Hotel (Tel: 226606, Fax: 226657) and Hotel Airlines( Tel: 227738).