(Last Updated on : 20/03/2015)
The primary focus of the Sikh religious philosophy is the realisation of the truth. The Sikh gurus have always upheld the fact there is only one God who is the Creator, the Destroyer and also the Sustainer. They believe that God has no form and shape. The Sikh gurus have also focused on the fact that Lord is present everywhere in the world and there is no need to search for Him in pilgrimages. According to Sikh philosophy, the Lord never takes any human form. He is the Universe and has a timeless identity. The Sikh gurus have said that the goal of human life should be directed towards the path which will facilitate unification with God. It is said that unification with the divine is possible only if a devotee undergoes meditation and practices the act of charity and goodwill. An individual should lead a moral and truthful life in order to attain salvation.
To put away the cardinal vices from ones life is an important way to attain salvation according to the religious philosophy of Sikhism. It is essential that an individual emancipates his or her soul from vices like lust, greed, pride, anger and last but not the least all kinds of worldly attachment. The Sikh philosophy states that Nam Marg or the daily devotion should be an inseparable part of a Sikhs life. Only with constant devotion towards the Lord one can free ones mind from all kinds of negative emotions. Thus to attain salvation it is necessary to take the name of the Almighty every single day with absolute dedication. The Sikh philosophy also rejects religious rituals like fasting, pilgrimage or idol worship in any form. According to the Sikh philosophy the best way to serve the Lord is to lead a truthful life. The basic tenets of Sikh philosophy state that it is not necessary for an individual to come out from the domestic life in order to achieve salvation. It has been stated by the Sikh gurus that a devotee should serve ones household in the first place with utmost sincerity. It is not necessary to renounce ones domestic life in order to attain salvation. The only requirement for salvation is to lead a righteous life. The Sikh religious philosophy has also disregarded all kinds of distinctions that exist in the society based on various caste and creed. Other important aspects of the Sikh philosophy are honest labour and community service.
Hence it can be said that Sikh philosophy emphasises on the rightful actions of a human being during his or her life time. It also gives prime focus to the dedication towards the Lord.