India Gate is constructed as a memorial and was built in the memory of 90,00 soldiers who laid down their lives during world war I. Located at Rajpath, Delhi
India Gate is 42 m high and is popular relaxation area during the summer evenings. India Gate also acts as popular picnic spot during winter. Also known as the All India War Memorial, India Gate was designed and constructed by Lutyens. He was the chief who is considered and proclaimed in designing the New Delhi plans. India Gate is famous by the name All India War Memorial.
Another additional 13,516 names engraved on the arch and foundations form a separate memorial to the British and Indian soldiers killed on the North-West Frontier in the Afghan War of 1919. The foundation stone was laid by HRH the Duke of Connaught in 1921 and the monument was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was added much later after India had said goodbye to its imperial rulers. It is in the form of a flame that burns day and night under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who perished in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.
Site & Architecture
Edwin Luteyans designed India Gate in 1921. Its height is about 42 meters. The entire arch stands on a low base of red Bharatpur stone and rises in stages to a huge cornice, beneath which are inscribed Imperial suns. Above the structure on both sides is inscribed INDIA, edged by MCM and to the right, XIX. The shallow domed bowl at the top was intended to be filled with burning oil on anniversaries, but this is rarely done. The shrine itself is a black marble monument with a rifle placed on its barrel, crested by a soldier`s helmet. Each face of the monument as inscribed in gold the words "Amar Jawan" (Immortal Warrior). This cenotaph is itself placed on a structre, which has on its four corners four flames that are perpetually kept alive. India Gate stands about 138 feet high. It is an arch built of white sandstone on a red stone base. Marble is used in places on the arch as ornamentation.
India Gate is a gathering point for residents of Delhi, especially on summer nights. The large green lawns provide a relaxing green space for the city. Children (and adults) swim and ride paddle boats in the monument`s fountains. As a memorial it is one of Delhi`s most significant spots. But it is also a great place to go just to relax.
India Gate is a fascinating and wonderful monument. The lawns come alive in the evening with picnicking families and couples taking a stroll. The use of special lighting means that the monument looks even more striking at night than it does by day.
From the base of arch one can get a good view of Rashtrapati Bhawan