(Last Updated on : 16/05/2017)
Bishnupur is a populous city in Bankura District
of West Bengal
. This city began its journey from the time of Sixteen Mahajanapadas
rule before 5th Century BC and later the Gupta Empire
. This early age city is famous for the presence of terracotta temples
, Baluchari sarees
and the villages
of craftsmen - Panchmura
History of Bishnupur
History of Bishnupur traced back from Malla
rule. Bishnupur was ruled under the Gupta period by local Hindu
kings who paid tribute to Samudra Gupta
. The land is also called Mallabhum after the Malla rulers of this place.
Malla dominated this place and gave identification to this place. The Malla rulers were Vaishnavites
and built the famous terracotta temples during the 17th and 18th century at this place. There are folklores associated with the Malla Kings of Bishnupur. After the decline of Hindus, Muslims
began to rule their and showed their architectural elegance and the patronage of music- Bishnupur Gharana
Geography of Bishnupur
Bishnupur is located at 23 degree 05 minutes North to 87 degree 19 minutes East. This city of large population has an average elevation of 59 metres (194 feet).
Demography of Bishnupur
According to the Population Census in the year 2001, Bishnupur City had a population of 61,943. The males constitute 50 percent of the population and females 50 percent. 11 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.
Education of Bishnupur
Bishnupur has an average literacy rate of 69 percent higher than the national average of 59.5 percent; with male literacy of 77 percent and female literacy of 61 percent. The people of Bishnupur are mainly Hindus and they speak in Bengali language
. Bishnupur High School, Bishnupur Krittibas Mukherjee High School, Bishnupur Mission High School are the most important schools here.
Culture of Bishnupur
Bishnupur is the land of mystic culture, art and architecture
. Bishnupur Gharana
is a form of singing that follows the Dhrupad
tradition of Hindustani music
in 18th century.
While Bishnupur Mela and Bishnupur utsav are the most popular festivals. Panchmura is a village in Bishnupur where one can see the craftsmanship of sea, terracotta horses
, man and women of medieval Malla styled Bengali culture
Tourism in Bishnupur
Tourism of Bishnupur includes many temples which were crafted from laterite soil and bricks. Rasmancha, Pancha Ratna Temple of Shyam Rai, Jorebangla Temple of Keshta Rai, Madanmohan Temple
, Dalmadal Kaman
, Lalgarh, Lalbandh, Acharya Jogeshchandra Museum, Gumgarh, Pathar Darwaja, Garh Darwaja, Stone Chariot, Hawa Mahal
, Nutan Mahal, Keshab Rai Temple and Chinnamasta Temple
Bishnupur is connected with regular trains from Howrah
Station and buses from Panagarh. The nearest airport
is Netaji Subhas Chandra Airport