Maratha Community - Informative & researched article on Maratha Community
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Religion


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Food|Indian Religion|Indian Personalities|Indian Villages|Kamasutra|Indian Costume|Indian Weddings|Astrology|Indian Jewellery|Indian Women|Indian Tribals
Home > Society > Indian Religion > Indian Communities > Maratha Community
Maratha Community
Maratha Community, tracking its ancestry back to Shivaji, is known for its intellect and bravery. History of Maratha Empire forms a big portion of the history of medieval India.
 
 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj - Maratha CommunityMaratha community is the military caste mainly residing in western and partly southern region of the country. Maratha community is a Hindu community largely comprising castes like warriors and landowners. They are primarily distributed over the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and also in some parts of Madhya Pradesh. Maharashtra occupies one-tenth of the land area of India. It marks the southernmost boundary of the spread of Sanskrit based languages. It is a culturally significant region because it is the link between north and south, between the Indo-European culture and the Dravidian culture that was indigenous but was pushed down to South India. In its language and culture it accommodates both.

The term Maratha signifies an inhabitant of a region where mostly Marathi language is used and secondly to a member of the caste to which the name Maratha has been given. Maratha caste claims their origin from Rajputs. Further, several clans of Maratha community include the names of Rajput tribes like Panwar, Suryavansi, Chauhan and Solanki. Maratha caste history prior Chatrapati Shivaji is not very bright. The Marathas comprise 96 Kuli Marathas as well as Kunbis and represent the largest single community of Maharashtra. A Kuli is a group, all the members of which generally bear the same name. Their skin complexion may vary from light brown to very dark. They are of medium height and generally have high cheekbones and dark eyes. They seem to belong to regions of Daulatabad, Aurangabad, Beed and Parbhani. In earlier times they have been landowners and soldiers in Maharashtra for many centuries. Besides these 96 clans there are some other sub-castes too.

The Maratha community follow certain indigenous customs and social traditions. Like for instance, a man is not permitted to marry within his own clan or of his mother`s clan. Their marriage ceremony is quite similar with that of the Kunbis. Some clans allow widow remarriage. Divorce is not apparently allowed. They also follow certain funeral rites. They worship Lord Shiva and his consort, Parvati. The worship of the `Devak` is found only among them. The Kuladevata or family deity is worshipped on all special occasions, such as, weddings or naming ceremonies. It is also visited during the teerthas. The Kunbis were originally land workers. They make no differentiation regarding cooked food as food from all castes re accepted by them. The principal deity of Maratha community is Khandoba, which is a fighter incarnation of Mahadev. During the Dussehra festival, the people of this community worship their swords and horses.

Shivaji Bhonsle, the most eminent Maratha, was born in 1630 and it was he who first made the bid for establishing a Maratha kingdom. Maratha community is considered as one of the most powerful communities in Maharashtra, not only because it is the largest but because it has entered modern post-independence politics with an assurance that can come only of many generations` experience in the art of ruling and manoeuvring. Marathas have flourished considerably over the past few centuries.

(Last Updated on : 29/01/2011)
More Articles in Indian Communities  (186)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sikhs  (2)
 
 
 
 
Sindhis  (1)
 
 
 
Kumaonis  (1)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Religion
Works of Ramanuja
Works of Ramanuja are based mostly on his philosophy of Advaita Vedanta. It is believed that he has composed nine monumental works.
Guru Nanak
Guru Nanak is the founder of the Sikh religion, who spread his message of of fraternity and universalism.
Demon
Demon, according to Hindu mythology, is believed to be a supernatural being or spirit with bad qualities who harms the people for vicious motives.
Sri Chinmoy
Sri Chinmoy was a spiritual master who taught art of better living to the world.
Srila Prabhupada
Srila Prabhupada popularized the spiritualism of Vaishnavism, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and founded ISKCON.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Religion
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Society
 
 
Maratha Community - Informative & researched article on Maratha Community
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.