(Last Updated on : 16/02/2015)
Jhansi is a historic city located in the Jhansi district
of the northern state of India, Uttar Pradesh
. Situated between the rivers Pahunj and Betwa
, it is the administrative headquarters of the Jhansi district and the Jhansi Division. The original walled city grew up around its stone fort, which crowns a neighbouring rock. The ancient name of this historical city was Balwantnagar.
Geographically, the town is located between 25.4333 North latitude and 78.5833 East longitudes at an altitude of 284 m (935 ft). It is about 415 km from New Delhi and 292 km from Lucknow
, and is called the "Gateway to Bundelkhand
History of Jhansi
In the 9th century, Jhansi was ruled by the Rajput Chandella dynasty
of Khajuraho. At that time Jhansi was a part of the regions of Chedi Rashtra, Jejak Bhukit, Jajhoti and Bundelkhand
. Jhansi developed around a fort built in 1613, which became a strong center in 1742. In the 18th century the town of Jhansi served as the capital of a Maratha province and later the Princely State of Jhansi from 1804 till 1853 when the territory became a part of British India. During the British rule, Jhansi rose to prominence, as it was one of the centres where the outburst of the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny
took place. Since then Jhansi has been the symbol of courage, self-respect and bravery.
It is the land of Rani Lakshmi Bai
, the brave woman-ruler of Jhansi, who fought the British. After independence, Jhansi became a part of the Uttar Pradesh. A new dimension has been added to this historic city with the introduction of the Jhansi Festival, held every year in February-March. It offers a fine opportunity to enjoy the arts, crafts and culture of the region.
Demographics of Jhansi
According to the 2011 census, Jhansi has a population of 8, 30,293; its urban agglomeration a population of 8, 30,311. Jhansi city has 85th rank among the most populated cities of India, according to the 2011 census. The literacy rate of Jhansi is 63.81%, much lower than the national average.
Geography and Climate of Jhansi
The topography of the place consists of undulating terrains which has vast mineral deposits. The city lies on the south western border of the vast Terrain plains of Uttar Pradesh. The land of Jhansi is favourable for the cultivation of citrus fruits. The main crops grown here are wheat, pulses, peas and oilseeds. Located on a rocky area, Jhansi faces extreme temperatures. During the summer months the mercury rises as high as 47 degree Celsius during the day time and sometimes drops as low as 4 degree celsius during the winter months. The rainy season starts in the mid week of June and starts weakening in September.
At present Jhansi is a major center of trade and industries. Industries located here are railway workshops and iron and steel mills. There are many manufacturing units of brassware, rugs, rubber and silk goods.
The city is well connected to other parts of India by railways and major highways. Jhansi Junction is a major railway junction of Indian Railways. It is a major intercity hub and a technical stoppage for many super fast trains in India.
Jhansi commands a strategic position in the roadways network as highways in 5 different directions diverge from it. The city is well connected to Kanpur
, Lucknow and Madhya Pradesh
Jhansi Airport is a military aviation base built in the British era used by the Indian army and political visitors. Though there are provisions for private aircraft to land, there are no civil aviation operations. So, Gwalior Airport is the nearest airport from Jhansi.
Places to Visit in Jhansi
Jhansi is a cultural city mainly famous for its cultural tourism. There are many forts and palace in the city that one can explore unusual from the regular shopping malls and crowded markets. Apart from the forts also there are many other tourist places in Jhansi that one can explore.
One of the main tourist attractions of Jhansi is the Jhansi Fort. It is one of the oldest forts in Jhansi, and was built by the Raja Bir Singh Judao in 1627.
: This museum is another popular tourist attraction and is centrally located within the city and is visited by many. The Government Museum contains a rich collection of ancient sculptures, statues and war relics.
: Rani Mahal also known as the Queen's Palace was built by Raghunath II of Newalkar family in the year 1796. It is located in heart of city near to Jhansi fort.
: This temple mainly devoted to Goddess Mahalaxmi
is quite famous and is visited by many devotees every year.
: It is a town in Madhya Pradesh which is 14 km from Jhansi city. Situated next to bank of river Betwa this town can be called a photographer's delight. It is full of architectural ruins, a village and a small market. Places to see here are fort, Jahangir Mahal, Sheesh Mahal.
: The city of Gwalior is famous for forts, places and tombs, which are all beautifully architected. There is a lot to explore in this city. A major city between Jhansi and Agra
. Among tourist attractions are- Rani Lakshmi Bai's memorial, Jayavilas palace and museum, fort, Tansen's tomb, Phoolbagh, etc.
: Barua Sagar is around 24 km from Jhansi, It is a small town situated on the bank of Betwa River. It has a large lake which is called Barua Sagar Tal. Places to see here are fort, Jarai-ka-Math, lake.
8.St Judes Church
: This shrine of great importance among Catholic Christians. St. Jude's bone is buried in the foundation of the cathedral. Devotees come from as far as Goa
, on the St Jude's feast day on October 28, every year. Feast day is marked by a week long fair and a procession on the last day of the fair. This fair attracts people of all the faiths and religions.
: Deogarh is 123 km from Jhansi; is situated on the banks of Betwa River and is surrounded by thick forest.
: This is a temple city famous for its Chandela period temples with erotic human figures on the walls of temples.