Jharkhand, also known as the "Land of Forests" or “Vananchal,” is a state in eastern India. It gained its political identity as a separate state in November 2000, previously being a southern portion of Bihar. This nascent state is home to a rich tribal population, and their costumes truly showcase the simplicity and elegance of the inhabitants.
Male Costumes of Jharkhand
Men in Jharkhand prefer a straightforward and modest style of dressing. They typically wear a single piece of cloth known as Bhagwan, which serves as their attire. However, among the Santhal Pargana tribes, such as the Santhals and Paharis, there is a wider range of traditional costumes. These tribes combine their traditional attire with popular Indian garments like kurta-pajamas, dhotis, shirts, and trousers. Festivals and special occasions witness men donning elaborate outfits such as sherwanis and expensive kurta-pajamas or Sherwanis adding a touch of grandeur to their appearance.
Female Costumes in Jharkhand
Women in Jharkhand typically drape themselves in sarees and blouses. The Tussar silk sarees manufactured in Jharkhand hold a special allure, attracting women from affluent families or those with a penchant for ethnic fashion. Tribal women embrace the traditional attire of Panchi and Parhan. Parhan, the lower garment, is complemented by the upper Parhan.
The texture, prints, and paintings adorning these silk sarees offer a glimpse into the tribal lifestyle and traditions of the Jharkhand people. The Anjana and Swarnarekha silks have emerged as popular choices, captivating fashion-conscious individuals both within Jharkhand and across India. While the tribal women's attire reflects simplicity, there is a growing trend among Jharkhand women to embrace fashionable costumes, influencing the changing fashion landscape within the society. Before making their purchases, women meticulously observe and evaluate the various sarees and ornaments available, paying great attention to detail.
Traditional Ornaments and Accessories
The tribe-centric culture of Jharkhand exhibits a preference for simple yet elegant accessories. Gold, silver, and bead ornaments adorn the local women, adding to their aesthetic appeal and captivating the onlookers. Perfumes and their aromatic fragrances hold a special place in the hearts of the people of Jharkhand, as they have a fondness for applying perfumes in general. However, those belonging to higher social strata often embrace modern European attire.
Tribal Costumes in Jharkhand
To truly witness the sophistication and magnificence of India's native talents, a visit to the tribal heaven of Jharkhand becomes imperative. The costumes showcased by its inhabitants reflect their rich cultural heritage, deep connection with nature, and the simplicity that resonates within their way of life.
The tribal population of Jharkhand boasts a rich and diverse cultural heritage. The Munda tribe, known for their simplicity, often wears nothing more than a cotton loincloth called botoi, embellished with colored borders. Young men of the tribe adorn a belt made of silk or braided thread around their waist, adding a touch of elegance to their attire. The Oraon tribe, besides inhabiting Jharkhand, has also made their mark in economically sound cities like Delhi, Kolkata, and Mumbai. They too embrace a grand lifestyle, reflecting their aspirations and so does their attire. Santhal tribe of Jharkhand likes to dress in a simple way and often prefer kurta-pajama and Dhoti while women usually wear cotton sarees.
Bridal Attire in Jharkhand
Weddings in Jharkhand are characterized by their simplicity and elegance. The state is renowned for its finest-quality silk in India, and traditionally, brides opt for sarees on their special day. Vibrant hues and beautifully blended borders adorn these sarees, adding a touch of magnificence to the bride's ensemble. While bright tones like red and green are often favored, some brides even choose white sarees for their wedding attire.
As for the groom, their wedding attire typically consists of a single piece of cloth, aligning with the modesty reflected in men's costumes. However, non-tribal individuals often opt for attractive kurtas with intricate embroidery to enhance their appearance on the wedding day.
The traditional costumes of Jharkhand truly embody the essence of the state's nature, culture, and the simplicity of its people. Jharkhand's journey as a separate state has allowed its unique traditions and heritage to flourish. With its rich tribal population and their distinct attire, the costumes of Jharkhand serve as a testament to the cultural diversity and artistic expressions that exist within the state.