(Last Updated on : 01/10/2019)
Traditional Dresses of North East Indian States gives an identity to the Asian fashion worldwide. North East region of India consists of the eight states
namely Arunachal Pradesh
. Along with the scenic beauty of North East India, its traditional ethnic clothes represent the true spirit of India. These North East Indian States
have beautiful and very unique culture, traditions and lifestyle. There are many tribes here and each have a distinct pattern of clothing. People of these states have different traditional dresses
and costumes, which only can be explored during the fair
season. The real culture and traditions of these States are still alive and followed by the young generation.
Traditional Dress of Arunachal Pradesh
The women of Arunachal Pradesh wear vibrant coloured dresses with intricate patterns made of threads and unique patterns that reflect the culture of the tribes
they belong to. Their dresses are commonly adorned with fine beads or silver jewellery
While the people of some tribes use a jacket above a sleeveless chemise tied to their waist with a lengthy and narrow strip of cloth, others wear a sleeveless and collarless robe stretching from the shoulders to the knees. Accessories
are an important part of the costume in Arunachal Pradesh. Gurdam, a skull cap filled with Yak
hair, is worn to complete the look during important occasions.
Traditional Dresses of Assam
Assam is famous for its Muga
and Pat silk sarees
and Mekhla Chador
, worn on special occasions. Mekhla Chador is very similar to a half-saree of South India
. There are many tribes in Assam
, each with its own distinct and unique style of Mekhla Chador, distinguished by motifs, design and colours. The women of Dimasa tribe
wear a skirt-like clothing which is called Rigu and an embellished vest-like attire called Rijamphai, sometimes also known as Rikhaosa.
Most Assamese women also wear traditional jewellery like Gaam Kharu which are large silver bangles, Kopo Phool earrings
and Mukuta Moni necklaces
, unique and charming pieces that add to the charm of ones attire.
Traditional Dresses of Manipur
Phanek, a wrap-around skirt or Sarong, a stiff skirt, constitute the traditional clothing of a Manipuri girl, which she wears with pride and grace. The women of Manipur also wear a saree-like cloth, called Moirang Phi. Different tribes of Manipur have their own distinctive dresses like Lmaphie, Saijounba, Ningthoupee and Phiranji.
Traditional Dresses of Meghalaya
Meghalaya is the home to the three famous hill tribes of India – Khasi
. The women from the Garo, Jaintia, and Khasi tribes of Meghalaya
look elegant in their traditional wear.
A Khasi woman commonly wears an ankle-length costume with a fitted blouse over it, called Jainsen. They also wear chequered cotton shawls over the blouse, called Tap-Moh Khlieh.
Garo women usually drape an unstitched garment, woven out of mulberry silk
. They are also seen wearing Eri silk shawls, as well as a blouse and an unstitched cloth called Dakmanda, on the lower half of their body. The Dakmanda has a thick border, and is often decorated with motifs and floral patterns.
The women of the Jaintia tribe
are seen wearing a sarong called Thoh Khyrwang, with a velvet blouse. A long piece of Muga silk is tied around their shoulders, flowing down to their ankles. They also often wear a very elegant headpiece known as Kyrshah.
Traditional Dresses of Mizoram
There are many traditional dresses of Mizo
women. A Mizo women dresses elegantly in full-sleeved dresses, the most common among them are a three-piece Churidar
set, called Puan. Apart from this, a long, chequered skirt is worn with a colourful shirt, called Puanchei
, on important occasions like weddings
or festivals. These long skirts have vertical embroidery in colourful threads, which make them look quite attractive. Mizo women are also seen sporting beautiful headgear made of brass and colourful cane, decorated with items like porcupine
quills and parrot
Traditional Dresses of Nagaland
The Naga shawls form an important part of the culture and attire of the people here. Often, shawls are considered as a badge of honour, and are gifted to aged and experienced people.
Women in Nagaland are seen dressed in skirts which are, again, different from one tribe to another, and are known by different names as well. Some of the popular types of Ao
skirts include Azu Jangnup Su with red and yellow-black stripes; Ngami Su is a fish tail skirt and Yongzujangau is a cucumber seed skirt which is woven in red threads on a black base. The women of the Angami tribe
wear sleeveless tops called Vatchi over a white skirt called Pfemhou and a petticoat called Neikhro.
Traditional Dresses of Sikkim
The clothing of Sikkim shows this diversity and exemplifies social and cultural lives of the three main resident communities – the Lepchas
and the Nepalis. The Thokro-Dum is the primary outfit for the male members of the Lepcha community. The traditional attire of Lepcha women involves a saree
-like garment known as Dumvum. The traditional dress donned by Bhutias is the Bakhu which is worn by both men and women. Nepali males love to wear Shurval, which is a Pyjama with a shirt a traditional shirt.
Traditional Dresses of Tripura
A beautifully woven two-piece called Rinai and Risa is worn by the women here. The Rinai is wrapped around the waist, while the Risa is worn on the upper part of the body. These dresses are commonly paired with beautiful traditional jewellery, adding to their charm.