(Last Updated on : 19-08-2016)
Udhampur is a city and a municipal council in Udhampur District
of Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Udhampur
Udhampur is situated among lush green forests of Eucalyptus. It is the second-largest city of the Jammu region and the fourth-largest city in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
History of Udhampur
Udhampur is named after Raja Udham Singh. It serves as the district capital and the Northern Command headquarters of the Indian Army. A Forward Base Support Unit (FBSU) of the Indian Air Force is also stationed here. Udhampur is used by the Armed Forces as a transit point between Jammu and Srinagar
when travelling by road (National Highway Number 1A).
Geography of Udhampur
Udhampur is located in the Shivalik range of Himalayas and the terrain is mostly mountainous. The upper reaches of the district experience snowfall in the winter season. The city of Udhampur is located at 32.93 degree North to 75.13 degree East in a relatively flatter part of the district at an elevation of 756 metres (2480 feet) and rarely experience any snowfall. The city itself spreads on uneven hills of Shiwaliks. Udhampur is just 68 km ahead of Jammu city towards Srinagar. Katra
too is only 23 km off Udhampur.
Climate of Udhampur
Udhampur enjoys the sub tropical climate. Summer temperatures do not cross 40 degrees while in winters mercury generally dips to 2 degrees or even sometimes to zero. Heavy downpour is also experienced. The annual rainfall is 130 cm mainly in monsoons and winters due to Western Disturbances.
Demography of Udhampur
Udhampur has a population of 1,82,778. Males constitute 66% of the population and females 34%. The large male percentage is due to the army constituting a large part of the city's population. Udhampur has an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 89%, and female literacy is 75%. In Udhampur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. About 74% of the population practices Hinduism, followed by Islam 25% and about 1% population is Sikh.
Administration of Udhampur
Udhampur is governed by Udhampur Municipal Council having 22 Municipal Wards. Udhampur consists of four tehsils (administrative districts), namely Udhampur, Ramnagar, Chenani and Majalta.
Culture of Udhampur
The culture of Udhampur is Pahari
which resembles the culture of other areas of Duggardesh. The other part of the district has Dogra culture. Dogri is the main language spoken by the people of the district. The Dogri spoken here is known for its sweetness in tone. Their main language is Dogri and Pahari. The language in the rural and hilly areas has maintained its native purity, accent and sweetness. Gojri is also spoken by the Gujjar Community settled here and there. However, Dogri is main language spoken in the capital city of Udhampur District.
Cities of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir