Vaishali is a place in Vaishali District of Bihar. This ancient city is named after the Indian epic Mahabharata. This place was well known for Buddhism and Jainism. It is a part of Tirhut division. The name of the ancient city of Vaishali is found in texts pertaining to both Jainism and Buddhism, which have preserved much information on Vaishali and the Sixteen Mahajanapadas. Vaishali was established as a republic by the 6th century BCE, prior to the birth of Gautama Buddha in 563 BCE, making it the world's first republic.
Relics Stupa of Vaishali
Relics Stupa of Vaishali is near the coronation tank. It is Stupa 1. Relic Stupa of Vaishali is for the Licchavi tribe reverentially encased one of the eight portions of the Master's relics, which they received after the Mahaparinirvana. After his last discourse the Awakened One set out for Kushinagar, but the Licchavis kept following him. Gautama Buddha gave them his alms bowl but they still refused to return. Lord Gautama created an illusion of a river in spate which compelled them to go back. Relic Stupa of Vaishali can be identified with Deora in modern Kesariya village, where Emperor Ashoka later built a stupa.
Kutagarasala Monastery is the monastery where Gautama Buddha most frequently stayed while visiting Vaisali. It is located 3 kilometres from the relic Stupa, and on its ground can be found the Ananda Stupa, with an Asokan pillar in very good condition (perhaps the only complete Asokan pillar left standing), and an ancient pond.
Coronation Tank of Vailshali
Coronation Tank of Vailshali is located a few hundred metres from the Relic Stupa. It is known as Abhishek Pushkarini. The sacred waters of the tank anointed the elected representatives of Vaisali.
World Peace Pagoda
World Peace Pagpoda is located next to the coronation tank. The Viswa Shanti Stupa stands near the Japanese temple. World Peace Pagoda was built by Japanese Nichiren Buddhist sect Nipponzan-Myohoji. A small part of the Buddha's relics found in Vaisali have been enshrined in the foundation and in the chhatra of the Stupa.