Naming of Lutyens' Delhi
Lutyens' Delhi named after the British architect Edwin Lutyens, who was responsible for much of the architectural design and building when India was part of the British Government in India in the 1920s and 1930s. This also includes the Lutyens Bungalow Zone (LBZ).
Establishment of Lutyens' Delhi
Before the new imperial capital New Delhi was established in 1911, the Old Delhi Railway Station served the Agra-Delhi railways, the line cut through what is today called Lutyens' Delhi. The line was eventually shifted to make way for the new capital and the New Delhi Railway Station was built near Ajmeri Gate in 1926.
Architecture of Lutyens' Delhi
Lutyens led a group of architects in laying out the central administrative area of the city, with the charge of retaining one-third of the area as green space. At the heart of the city was the impressive Rashtrapati Bhawan, formerly known as Viceroy's House, located on the top of Raisina Hill. The Rajpath, also known as King's Way, connects India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhawan, while Janpath, which crosses it at a right angle, connects South End Road (renamed as Rajesh Pilot Marg) with Connaught Place. The President of India now stays in British Viceroy’s of India or Rashtrapati Bhawan. The Secretariat Building, which houses various ministries of the Government of India including the Prime Minister's Office, is beside the Rashtrapati Bhawan and was designed by Herbert Baker. Also designed by Baker was the Parliament House, located on the Sansad Marg, running parallel with the Rajpath. Two magnificent cathedrals in the area, the Anglican Cathedral Church of the Redemption and Catholic Sacred Heart Cathedral were designed by Henry Medd.
Geography of Lutyens’ Delhi
Lutyens’ Delhi covers an area of about 26 square kilometres. All land and buildings in the Lutyens Bungalow Zone belong to the central government, except for 254.5 acres which is in private hands. There are about 1000 bungalows in the Lutyens Bungalow Zone, of which less than ten percent are in private hands. In order to create development control norms, the Ministry of Urban Development constituted the 'New Delhi Redevelopment Advisory Committee' (NDRAC) in 1972, when the redevelopment of the areas around the walled city, north of Connaught Place and on Prithviraj Road was taken up.
Residences in Lutyens’ Delhi
The official residence of Prime Minister of India is in Lutyens Bungalow Zone. He was allotted Type VIII bungalow that was previously occupied by Sheila Dikshit.
Residential Houses of Lutyens Bungalow Zone
Laxmi Narayan Mittal, KP Singh, Sunil Mittal, CK Birla, the Burmans, Shashi and Ravi Ruia, Malvinder and Shivinder Singh, Analjit Singh, Atul Punj, and Hari Bhartia are the residential houses in Lutyens Bungalow Zone.
Lutyens Bungalow Zone in Delhi
Lutyens Bungalow Zone has the most expensive real estate in India, possibly the world. The market value of 254.5 acres of Land in private hands in the LBZ has increased eightfold in the last ten years, from around Rs.6,100 crores to Rs.49,000 crores. In 2013, Rajan Mittal, Bharti Enterprises Vice-Chairman bought a bungalow in the zone for Rs.156 crore. In June 2014, Rajiv Rattan, India bulls co-founder, was reported, to have bought a 2,920 sq yard plot, for Rs.220 crore. Lutyens Bungalow Zone is a thick swathe of green, a glacis of trees, and manicured lawns, and grand buildings, that protect and cushion Lutyens Bungalow Zone from the swirl and swarm of Delhi’s crowded parts. On the west is the vast wooded area of the Delhi Ridge, adjoining the grand acres of the Presidential Estate; to the west and south is Nehru Park, the Race Course, the Air force station, the Delhi Gymkhana Club, Safdarjung Airport, Safdarjang Tomb, and pretentious modern sprawl of the Diplomatic enclave; to the south is the Lodi Gardens, with its fabulous Lodhi Dynasty era tombs, and remains; on the South Eastern parts are great lavishly tended greens of Delhi Golf Club, with its Mughal era ruins; and beyond the Golf course, on the edge of the Lutyens Bungalow Zone boundary is the green stretch of National Zoological Park, lakes, the Purana Quila, and the Humayun 's Tomb. The contiguous areas are lavished with as much care by the government as the Lutyens Bungalow Zone. Those who cannot buy into the Lutyens Bungalow Zone buy into the contiguous areas, like Jhor Bagh, where property prices are almost as steep as in the Lutyens Bungalow Zone.