(Last Updated on : 29/09/2014)
Khammam is the headquarters of the Khammam District
in the Telangana
, a newly formed state in India with the capital Hyderabad. Hyderabad is now acting as the capital city of both Andhra Pradesh
Location of Khammam District
Khammam is located about 193 kilometres, east of state capital of Telangana, Hyderabad
. Khammam city is now governed as the municipal corporation, adding 14 villages around it which developed in business with the town. Khammam is now developed as the semi urban region in the state of Telangana.
The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple Narsimhadri, later Stamba Sikhari and then it was termed as Stambadhri which has an ancient temple of Narasimha Swamy on its top. This temple is believed to have been existing since Treta Yuga. The vertical rock under the temple is known as Kamba which literally means Pillar. The name of the town Khammam has been derived from Kambam Mettu to Kammammet or Khammam Mettu to the present Khammam city. Khammam is also the district headquarter of Khammam District of Telangana.
History of Khammam District
Khammam Fort was constructed in Khammam and was initiated around 950 AD when the Telugu area was ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty
of 10th to 13th century. Later, Musunuri Nayaks and Velama kings were involved in the construction of the fort situated on the hill. It was completed in the year 1000 AD and was under control of Reddy dynasty. Subsequently the Qutb Shahi kingdom in the medieval era (1531) developed further both Khammam Fort and other parts of the region. Khammam Fort
represents both Hindu and Muslim architectural influences. Khammam Fort has celebrated 1000 years of existence. At that time Khammam Fort exposes as a major tourist spot in Khammam District.
Administration of Khammam District
Khammam city, a temple and is located on the banks of a river called Munneru River which is a tributary of the Krishna River, one of the important lifeline of South India. Khammam district has a lot of historical importance in Telangana. Khammam is the seat of taluk administration was part of the larger Warangal District
of Telangana, till 1 October 1953. The five taluks of the Warangal
district of Telangana like Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam district with Khammam district as District Headquarters.
In 1959, Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district
of Andhra Pradesh, which were on the other side of the Godavari River, were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.
In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was formed carving out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed like, Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district was initially a part of larger Warangal District of Telangana.
Demography of Khammam District
According to the Population Census in the year 2011, Khammam had a population of 267,000 including suburban Khanapuram Haveli. The males constitute 51 percent of the population and females 49 percent. Khammam has an average literacy rate of 82.59 percent, greater than the national average of 74.04 percent with male literacy of 87.94 percent and female literacy of 77.39 percent. In Khammam, 11 percent of the population is under six years of age.
Culture of Khammam
Khammam culture is a mixed culture of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The people of Khammam city are well coordinated with East Godavari District and West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh. This city is near to Warangal, Dornakal, Suryapet, Nalgonda, Vijayawada, Eluru, Tiruvuru, Nuzvid, and Kodad.
Tourism in Khammam
Khammam is a significant traveller end and draws millions of tourists from across India. There are many places that one can enjoy in and around Khammam. Of these, the most famous tourist attractions are Khammam fort, Jamalapuram temple and Khammam Laxmi Narasimha Temple. The major sightseeing spots in the area include the Palair Lake, the hills of Papi Kondalu and the Wyer Lake.