(Last Updated on : 30/08/2014)
Palace of Bawali
or Bawali Rajbari was erected in the later phase of medieval time that is during the rule of Akbar
, the Mughal Emperor. Bawali Rajbari is closely associated with the military life and personal life of Mondal royal family.
The history of Bawali Rajbari or Bawali Palace dates back with the Basudeb Ram who was an influential official of the Mughal Army probably that was the period of Emperor Akbar.
The son of Basudev Ram, Radheshyam took 'Sannayas' leaving behind his only son Shobha Ram who was actually a resident of Basantpur - a village of Nadia District but as demanded by the profession he had to shift to village of Chandipur to oversee administrative job of a huge area centering around Budge Budge of South 24 Parganas District
on behalf of British East India Company
. Both the son of Sobha Ram, Meghnaad and Raja Ram were holding the high offices under the regency of British East India Company.
Once, Raja Ram had been able to put down insurgency of Marathas
at different parts of Bengal. He was successful in driving away the infamous
Marathas with sheer intelligence and valour and in appreciation he was rewarded with the 'Royal Charter' empowering them to exercise full control over fifteen villages namely Bawali, Budge-Budge, Kalinagar, Saheban Bagicha and Chakmanik. They are referred as the title "Mondal".
Harananda Mondal, the grand son of Raja Ram fathered by Dasarath Rama was the most glorious successor who heightened the status of the royal family by acquiring great fortune by his business insight as well as efficient 'Land Reforms' yielding good harvest as well as optimum revenue from the huge land holding comprising of Four Parganas like Balia, Magura, Muragacha etc. on which he expanded his feudal lordship about two hundred seventy five years ago during the transition period between the decline of Mughal Empire and advent of British Rule in India.
Harananda Mondal was very pious as well as religious mined person. He was also very compassionate with his tenants and sub-ordinates. He was the first person to develop Bawali as the temple town, with the architect Subal Chandra Mistry. In the following years an array of Vishnu Temples were built at different places by the descendants of Mondal Family. Some of the temples in Bawali are Radha Gopinath Jui Temple, Radhakanta Jui Temple, Rashmancha, Radhaballab Jui and Sridhar Jui's Temple, Radhaballabh Jui Temple and Shyamsundar Temple, Gopalji Temple, Raj Rajeswar Temple, Chandimata Temple and Madan Mohanji Temple.
The huge opulent structure bearing beautiful art work with full marble flooring along with the Greco-Roman architecture carried the pomp and glory of this site.