Jharkhand derives its name as the 'Land of Woods' with a plethora of minerals and dense forests largely found in the cities of Jharkhand. Near about thirty two tribal communities reside in the se cities of Jharkhand. The rich mineral content fertile soils of the region make it suitable for the growth of green vegetation and plants. A wide variety of wild animals are found in the national parks and sanctuaries of Jharkhand. The main cities of Jharkhand are Jamshedpur, Hazaribugh, Deoghar, Bokaro, Dhanbad. Fertilizer factories, iron and steel plants, explosive mines have grown in various cities of Jharkhand, namely, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur, Adityapur, Deoghar, Hazaribag etc. Jharkhand has many other small cities namely Dumka, Basaria, Bundu, Chandil, Jharia etc.
Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand. This city is a hub of industrial activities. Formerly Ranchi was known as Lohardaga district. Ranchi derives its name in 1899 after the name of a small village. This city is well known for its sacred pilgrimage centre. Ranchi is enriched with Tagore Hill, Ranchi Lake, Ranchi Hill. Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Dassam Falls, Pahari Mandir, Gonda Hill and Rock Garden, Sun Temple all are within 50km from Ranchi. This city is famous for healthy environment.
Jamshedpur is known as Tatanagar. The city is named after the name of late Jamshedji, the founder of Tata Iron and Steel Company. This is mainly industrial and a much planned city. The famous educational institution Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI), Jamshedpur, attract huge students from all over the country.
Dhanbad is an important Industrial centre of India. The maximum amount of mineral wealth of India is found in Dhanbad.
Bokaro, another city of Jharkhand is well-known for its easy availability of Indian coal,iron, ore, manganese and other raw materials. This city is the home of one of the largest steel plant in India.
Hazaribag is famous for its healthy climate and beautiful sceneries. This city is a popular tourist destination. This city has a number of parks and gardens. The wonderful scenario of this city includes trees, rivers and hills.
Deoghar is considered as the city of Lord Shiva. It is a famous pilgrimage as well as tourist spot. This city is full of many temples. But the main temple of this city is Vaidyanath Temple. On the month of Sravana Thousands of people used to go tom the temple in order to worship Lord Shankara. Apart from having Vaidyanath Temple Deoghar also has Satsang Temple and Nandan Kanan which are equally adorned by the tourists.
Phusro is an industrial city and a notified area in Bokaro district of Jharkhand. Phusro railway station (PUS) is connected to Kolkata, Bhopal, Ajmer, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Patna by direct trains. It lies on the Gomoh-Barkakana lines.
Ramgarh Cantonment is developed by Indian army and it is surrounded by coal-fields at Rajrappa, Laiyo, Ghato, Bhurkunda, Topa, Sarubera, Sirka, Urrimari, Sayal, Gidi etc. Patratu Thermal Power Station is about 30 km from Ramgarh.
Daltonganj is a city of Jharkhand. It is the headquarters of Palamu division and Palamu district, as well as the subdivision and block of the same name.
These cities have made Jharkhand a populated and well desired destination from tourist point of view. The cities of Jharkhand mesmerize the people with its enchanting charisma.