Medieval History of Junagadh District
Till the 5th century, Junagadh continued to be a significant centre and during the rule of Solankis and Rajputs, Junagadh's importance gradually started fading. This occurred after their capital was moved to the region of Bhavnagar till the 10th century, before being shifted again to Patan till 15th century and finally to Ahmedabad when Gujarat became an independent Sultanate. During the 16th century, it was captured by the Mughals that started ruling it from Ahmedabad, right till the middle of the 18th century, when the power of the Mughal Emperors started declining. Following the downfall of the Mughals, Junagadh again was transformed into an independent princely state and was controlled by Sher Khan Babi, who was an Afghan.
Modern History of Junagadh District
During the period when India was about to attain independence from the British Raj, the princely states of the country were provided two options. One of them was that they could either accede to India while the other was that they could accede to Pakistan. However, Lord Mountbatten declared that the princely states were permitted to be a part of the nation with whom they shared their territorial borders. The Nawab of Junagadh chose to accede to the country of Pakistan, since it shared borders with that nation, via the Arabian Sea.
The Government of India protested and said that since 80 percent of the local population of Junagadh was Hindus, it should remain under the jurisdiction of India. However, the Government of Pakistan claimed that if the Indians could claim Kashmir as a part of their own dominions, despite possessing a Muslim majority, Junagadh must definitely belong to Pakistan. After a series of political conflicts and the retreat of the Nawab of Junagadh to Pakistan following intrusion into Junagadh by Indian troops, a plebiscite was arranged. Eventually, Junagadh was voted to be acceded to India after which it was proclaimed to be a portion of the state of Saurashtra, in Gujarat.
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