(Last Updated on : 04/03/2013)
Hemendra Mohan Bose, one of the famous Indian Businessmen
in India, was born on 1864. He was an Indian entrepreneur, manufacturer of Kuntalin hair oil and Delkhosh brand of perfume, a Swadeshi Brand. He was the first Indian to manufacture gramophones also. Many of his businesses spurred from amateur pursuits.
Early life of Hemendra Mohan Bose
Hemendra Mohan Bose was born in Mymensingh, now in Bangladesh, where his father Haramohan Bose used to stay. He came from the ancestral home of the family, in the village of Jaysiddhi, in Mymensingh District. After passing I.A., he took admission in the Medical College of Kolkata
. He suffered an accident where his eyes were scarred in acid. After recovering, he quit his medical career. In 1890, Bose began experimenting with perfume, and started his move into business. This made him to introduce Kuntalin hair oil in Indian Market.
Career of Hemendra Mohan Bose
In 1894, Hemendra Mohan Bose started his own business in perfume manufacturing, the H-Bose Perfumers in Bowbazar Street. After the initial success, he added hair oil and other toiletries like Lavender
water, Eau de Cologne, milk
and his range of products. Hemendra Mohan Bose also set up a new manufacturing unit at 6 Shib Narayan Das Lane in Kolkata. His products included the famous Kuntalin hair oil and Delkhosh perfume. By 1900, Hemendra Mohan Bose had created a printing press and publishing house titled Kuntaline Press at 5 Shib Narayan Das Lane, which incidentally was next door to his perfume business. In 1903, he instituted the Kuntalin Puraskar and encouraged young writers to showcase their talent. A short story written by Jagadish Chandra Bose
was the first recipient of the Kuntalin Puraskar. Later Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
's first printed publication Mandira won the Kuntalin Puraskar.
In 1903, he along with his brother Jatindra Mohon Bose established the first Indian-owned cycle works the H. Bose and Company. It was one of the first among his Swadeshi Movement
industry. Later, he established the Great Eastern Motor Company and set up a repairing center in the Great Eastern Motor Works in Park Street. In the year 1900, Hemendra Mohan Bose began to make sound recordings privately. After he had acquired an Edison phonograph and he began recording. Some of the first people recorded by Hemendra Mohan Bose included his uncle, Jagadish Chandra Bose, P. C. Roy, and his good friend Rabindranath Tagore
. His company became known as "Bose Pathe Recordings" which later became "H. Bose Swadeshi Records". By 1907, the demand for Bose's recordings grew so great that he began producing his own cylinders for recording. Hemendra Mohan Bose was a well known patron of the Swadeshi movement and many of his records covered this subject
Hemendra Mohan Bose was one of the pioneers of colour photography in India. He used Autochrome LumiŠre slides for his photographs. He was the founder president of Sporting Union. His son, Nitin Bose was one of the Pioneer of Indian Cinema. He passed away on 28th August 1916.