(Last Updated on : 28/09/2012)
Krishnagiri Fort is an important fort located in Krishnagiri
district in the Indian state
of Tamil Nadu
. Krishnagiri is a municipal center and the headquarters of Krishnagiri District. It is believed to be one of the strongest forts in the state that is presently maintained and protected by the Archaeological Survey of India
. The Krishnagiri Fort was constructed by King Krishnadevaraya
of the Vijayanagar Empire
. It is for this reason that the town and the fort have been named as Krishnagiri. The word Krishna has been taken from the king's name and Giri means hill.
The Krishnagiri fort along with the surrounding areas was earlier known as baramahal. It was then presented to Jagadevarayan by the Vijayanagar for his display of courage and valour in the battles he fought. Jagadevarayan made Jagadevi his capital. Later in the 17th century Bijapur Sultanate captured the fort and baramahal. It was then given to Shahaji
, father of Shivaji as jagir. He made Bengaluru
his headquarters and became the ruler of this area. Later when Shahji died his younger son Vyankoji (Ekoji) became the ruler. Again in the 1670s the fort was captured by Chatrapati Shivaji
from his younger brother Vyankoji during one of his expeditions to Deccan.
Again in the 18th century Krishnagiri fort and baramahal was captured by Hyder Ali as per the instructions given to him by Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar, the king of Mysore
. Much later he severed ties with the King of Mysore and retained these areas. He rules the surrounding places and made Srirangapatna his own capital. During the First Mysore War
a long blockade took place here that resulted in surrendering the fort to the British in the year 1768. The fort was attacked by the British troops under Lt. Col. Maxwell in November 1791. This event took place during the third Mysore War
that resulted in 50 British casualties. As all the officers and the members in the troop were either wounded or dead they had to move back. The fort remained under the possession of Tipu Sultan
until the Treaty of Srirangapatna in 1792. Later it went into the hands of the British. Presently the fort is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India and serves as a tourist spot.