Life of Yagana Changezi
Mirza Yaas Yagana Changezi was born as Mirza Wajid Hussain with chronological name as Mirza Fazl ali Baig. He was born in a place which was previously known as Azeemabad, now Patna in the Indian state of Bihar.
During his childhood he used to be a very bright student who won scholarships, but could not pass beyond the entrance examination that he passed at University of Calcutta. During a very early phase of his life, he actually shifted to Matyaburj in Kolkata where he started to teach Nawab Wajid Ali Shah's grandson Mirza Muqeem and his children. But the social climate that prevailed in Matyaburj, did not suit him and he returned to Azeemabad and later shifted to Lucknow.
During the time when he started off as a poet and writing Ghazals he used the pen name 'Yaas' meaning despair, and addressed himself as Yaas Azeemabadi, but changed it later on to 'Yagana' (meaning unique), and became Yagana Lackhnawi and finally Yagana Changezi. He also considered himself to have lineage from the Changezi Mughal. As a matter of fact, he was sixth in the generation of his ancestors who migrated from Iran during era of Mughal Empire.
By nature he was an iconoclast and rebellious. Seeing Mirza Ghalib's extreme veneration, he took to demolishing Ghalib's iconic status and that earned him hostility of his contemporaries in Lucknow and elsewhere. He was harassed and ostracized for his opinions and writings. At last he was declared apostate and went through extreme kind of humiliation at the hands of people in Lucknow; the very people he had so fondly adopted that he changed his name from Yaas Azeemabadi to Yagana Luckhnawi.
Work and Contribution of Yagana Changezi
Nashtar-i-Yaas was the first collection of poetry by Yagana Changezi that appeared in the year 1914 when he was 30 years of age. His second collection that was published in the year 1927 was Aayat-i-Wijdani. Few years later, in the year 1933 came the Tarana and then in 1935 and 1945 came the second and third edition of Aayat-i-Wijdani. Each edition of Aayat-i-Wijdani was enlarged.
In 1946, Sajjad Zaheer persuaded Yagana to prepare his Kulliyat so that it could be published by the publication house of the Communist Party of India - Qaumi Darul Ishaat, Mumbai. Yagana also agreed and the Kulliiyat saw the light of the day.
The compilation of Kulliyat-e-Yagana by Mushfiq Khwaja is considered to be an event of significant literary importance and resurrection of the great poet to his deserving status in Urdu literature
Yagana Changezi was born in the year 1956.
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