Early life of Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
The date of birth of Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan is variously given as 1111 or 1113, and it took place in Kala Bagh, Malwa. Shaikh Muhammad Tahir Bakhshi notes his date of birth as 11th Ramadan 1111. His father Mirza Jan was employed in the army of the mighty Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Following a custom according to which the Emperor had the right to name the sons of his officers, Aurangzeb is reported to have said:
At the age of 18, he joined the Naqshbandi order under Nur Muhammad Bada'uni, who was closely connected to the teachings of Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi, and completed his studies in four years. He was also initiated in the Qadiri, Chishti and Suhrawardi orders.
In his prime, Mazhar was advised to write poetry in Urdu rather than Persian as the days of the latter language were said to be numbered in India. Besides authoring poetry and polemics, Mazhar also wrote a large number of letters relating to Sufi thought and practice.
Views of Mirza Mazhar Jan-E-Janaan on Hinduism and Other Religions
Among his notable ideas is his acceptance of the Divine-origin of the Vedas, which he claimed were revealed by God at the beginning of creation, and his acceptance of the Hindus as the people of the book. In Mazhar's view, Lord Krishna and Lord Rama Chandra were both prophets, who preached the oneness of God.
Most of his Urdu biographers have also written that he was killed by a gunshot by a Shiite on 7th Muharram, and he died on 10th Muharram in the year 1195.