(Last Updated on : 21-06-2014)
Barbari (AMC Area) is a census town situated in the administrative district of Dibrugarh in the state of Assam in the northeastern part of India. The district headquarters are situated in the town of Dibrugarh. The district covers an area of 3381 square km and has a population of 1,172,056 (as per the 2001 census). Dibrugarh derives its name from Dibarumukh, which implies the mouth (mukh) of the river Dibaru or Dibru (the Bodo word dibru means a blister). Dibarumukh was a well-known military camp of Ahoms during the Ahom Chutia War. The Chutia king was defeated in the battle and surrendered before the Ahom King. Earlier Dibrugarh was the district headquarters of the unbroken Lakhimpur District. But now Dibrugarh is a different district having an identity of its own. The exact location of the Dibrugarh district is between 27° 5' 38" North and 27° 42' 30" North latitude and 94° 33'46"E to 95° 29'8" East longitude. It is surrounded by the Dhemaji district on the north, the Tinsukia district on the east, the Tirap district of the state of Arunachal Pradesh on the south-east and the Sibsagar district on the north and south-west. The entire region extends from the north bank of the mighty Brahmaputra River, which runs for a length of 95 km through the northern edge of the district, to the Patkai foothills on the south. Moreover, The Burhi Dihing, a major tributary of the Brahmaputra River flows through the district from east to west along with its wide network of tributaries and wetlands. Dibrugarh is well connected to other places by roads, railway, airway ( it has the Mohanbari Airport) and waterway. There are four airfields, which were utilised by the British to wage war against the Japanese forces in Myanmar during the second World War. Dibrugarh is home to the world's largest area covered by tea gardens. The whole district is enclosed by tea plantations and has tea factories. Many tea gardens date back to more than 100 years. In Digboi, another town of this district, there is the world's oldest running oil refinery. The entire district has numerous oil and natural gas rigs possessed by the Oil India Limited and Oil and Natural Gas Commission. Tea and oil are the chief source of revenue for the district. The occupation of the majority of the people is farming. The main crops produced are rice, sugar cane and pulses. Many people are also engaged in pisciculture. There are many rice and oilseed mills, coal mining and petroleum production industries. The languages commonly spoken by the people of the district are Assamese, English, Hindi and Bengali. There are six main towns in the district, namely Chabua, Dibrugarh, Duliajan, Naharkatia, Digboi and Namrup. The police stations are located in the towns of Dibrugarh, Lahowal, Chabua, Joypur,Tengakhat, Naharkatia, Duliajan, Rajgarh, Moran, Khowang, Borboruah, Tingkhong, Rohmoria and Ghoramora. The district has been the main centre of higher education in the total North Eastern part of India right from the period of British rule in India. Dr. John Berry White set up the Assam Medical College after he became the civil surgeon of the Lahimpur district. The Assam Medical College set up in the year 1898 has the first Radiology department in India. Other centers for learning are the Dibrugarh University, the Dibrugarh Poly-technique and the Regional Medical Research Centre.
As per the 2001 India census, Barbari (AMC Area) has a population of 5282. Males make up 63% of the population and females comprise 37%. Barbari (AMC Area) has a mean literacy rate of 80%, higher than the nationwide average of 59.5%. 66% of the males and 34% of the females are literate. 11% of the population is children below six years of age.