Badarpur town of Karimganj district is located at 24.9° N and 92.6° E. The average elevation of the town is 16 metres (52 feet) from the ground level. The distinctive feature of this town in northeast India is the Islamic University "AL_JAAMIYATUL ARABIYYATUL ISLAMIYAH". The entire district of Karimganj has a population of 1,003,678 (according to the 2001 census). The litaracy rate of the district is 55.78%. Muslims are a majority in the district comprising 52% of the population, while Hindus constitute 47%. Out of this, the population of Badarpur town is 11,291 according to the 2001 census. Males and females respectively comprise 52% and 48% of the population. Badarpur has a mean literacy rate of 84%, which is higher than the national average of 59.5%. The literacy rate among males is 54% and that among females is 46%. 10% of the population is below 6 years of age.
Communication with Badarpur and other nearby places is primarily maintained through road transport. Regular transport facilities by all sorts of light and heavy vehicles are available. The closest airport from Badarpur is Kumbhirgram near Silchar, the headquarter of the adjoining district of Cachar.