History of Chandraprabha Sanctuary
Chandraprabha sanctuary was established in May, 1957. Asiatic lions were introduced into the sanctuary in the year 1958. Although the programme was successful initially, as the number of Asiatic lions increased from 3 to 11 within 1969, but the following year, the Asiatic lions went missing. The programme was again re-introduced in the year 1993.
Geography of Chandraprabha Sanctuary
Chandraprabha sanctuary is scattered over a total area of 78 sq km and is situated on Naugarh and Vijaigarh hillocks, which are on the Vindhya forest range in Chandauli. The sanctuary is a dry deciduous forest that is composed of gneiss and laminated stone. Varanasi city is around 70 km away and the nearest railway station and airport is at Varanasi as well.
The climate of Chandraprabha sanctuary is almost 38 degree Celsius during the summer season, while in winter the temperature is around 14 degree Celsius. Monsoon is prevalent from July to mid-September.
Flora and Fauna of Chandraprabha sanctuary
Chandraprabha sanctuary is a typical dry deciduous forest and a variety of natural vegetation is present, like Amaltas, Saagun, Ber, Koraiya, Mahua, Tendu and many others. There are several species of wild animals that are found here. Although the Asiatic lions have almost disappeared, Panther and Chinkarahave become the main attraction of Chandraprabha sanctuary. The other animals that are found here are Indian Gazelle, Nilgai, Sambhar, Chital, Blackbuck, Porcupineand Wild Boar. Among the reptilian species, Alligator, Gharial and Python, are found here in abundance. The sanctuary also contains a variety of birds and almost 150 species can be seen here. It is considered as a paradise for bird watchers and nature lovers.
Various tours are arranged for the visitors and the Sanctuary provides various facilities for the convenience of the tourists.