(Last Updated on : 23/06/2014)
Jagdalpur is a city and a municipal corporation in Bastar District
in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh
. The city is located on the south bank of the Indravati River. Jagdalpur is the administrative headquarters of Bastar District and Bastar Division, and was the capital of the erstwhile princely state of Bastar. The region surrounding Jagdalpur, along with the main city, forms a major part of the Bastar District. The area is famous for age old wooden handicrafts which are in high demand among both the local as well as foreign tourists.
History of Jagdalpur
Jagdalpur and Bastar District are mentioned in Valmiki
. According to history Lord Rama had passed through Dandakaranya. Here is also an ancient ashram of sage Valmiki at this place. The Bastar District has been ruled by the kings of numerous dynasties, including the Nals Dynasty, Kakatiya Dynasty, and Chalukyas Dynasty.
Annam Deo was a famous Kakatiya king who left the city of Warangal and established his rule at Bastar in 1424. He was succeeded by other Kings like Hamir Deo, Pratap Raj Deo, Rajpal Deo and Dalpat Deo. During the rule of Dalpat Deo Jagdalpur became the capital of the kingdom. He was later succeeded by his sons Ajmer Singh and Daryao Deo. After the death of Dalpat Deo, his son Daryao Deo over threw his elder brother Ajmer Singh from the throne, and became the ruler. However Ajmer Singh was successful in securing the throne back but after two years Daryao Deo once again succeeded in overthrowing Ajmer Singh and became the ruler.
After the death of Daryao Deo, his eldest son Mahipal Deo succeeded to the throne of Bastar. He was succeeded by Bhopal Deo. Bhairam Deo was the next successor.
Bhairam Deo died in 1891, leaving a minor son, Rudrapratap Deo. The state was then ruled by the government until the young Raja was made the Feudatory Chief of Bastar. In 1910 a tribal revolt occurred against the Diwan and the British government who ruled over the state. Raja Rudrapratap Deo died in 1921 and his daughter Praphul Kumari Devi ascended the throne in 1922. She married the prince of Mayurbhanj, a prince from the State of Orissa.
Praphul Kumari Devi died in 1936 in London and her elder son Maharaja Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo, first Oriya ruler of Bastar and the 20th Maharaja of Bastar, ascended the throne in 1936 as a minor. The famous Maharani hospital at Jagdalur was built in memory of Maharani Praphul Kumari Devi in 1937.
In 1941, an airstrip was made at Jagdalpur. One bridge was also built during this time over the Indravati River
. In 1948, Bastar state was merged in the Indian Union. Maharaja Pravir Chandra Bhanj Deo got killed in a "police action" on 25 March 1966 when he revolted against the Union of India for the rights of tribals in his erstwhile principality.
Tourism in Jagdalpur
Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh is a famous tourist spot. There are many beautiful places to visit as mentioned below:
Danteshwari Temple located arourd 84 km (52 mi) from Jagdalpur city is the famous and sacred temple of Ma (Hindi for mother) Danteshwari, a local goddess, worshipped as an incarnation of Shakti.
Sri Venkateshwara Swamy Temple
The Sri Venkateshwara Swamy Temple is a famous temple in Jagdalpur. The temple is thronged by devotees who worship Lord Balaji known as Sri Venkateswara Swamy.
Kanger Valley National Park
Kanger Valley National Park This National Park is located near the Kolab River in the district of Bastar. It has been popular for its scenic beauty and the unique and rich biodiversity.
Kutumsar Caves and Kailash Gufa
Kutumsar Caves and Kailash Gufa in Chhattisgarh is located in the Kanger Valley of Bastar They are famous for their striking formations. The interior of the caves are dark and have narrow pathways.
Teerathgarh Waterfalls are located at a distance of 29 km. from Jagdalpur in south west direction. The waterfall is actually situated in Kanger Valley National Park and falls from a height of about 300 feet.
Chitrakoot waterfall is situated near Jagadalpur in Bastar district in Chhattisgarh. The waterfall is around 100 feet high and almost 1,000 feet wide.
Bastar Palace is one of the prime tourist attractions in Jagdalpur. The palace formerly served as the head quarters of Bastar Kigdom. The Bastar Palace is a seventy-years-old building in the state of Chhattisgarh. The district of Bastar located amidst the Abujmarh Mountains is known for being the heart of tribal civilization in India.
Anthropological Museum is located in the office of the Anthropological Survey of India located at Dharampura. The museum reflects about the lifestyles of various tribes in Bastar.