(i) He termed his philosophy Samkhya meaning ascertainment of truth. He had explained those in twenty-two concise sayings.
(ii) He mentioned about twenty-five tattvas which includes philosophic truths like nature, soul, intellect, (ego or consciousness), mind, the five grosser elements, the five subtle elements, the five senses of perception, the five organs of action and others.
(iii) His concept of God is transcendental in nature. It is for this reason that his philosophy is often called agnostic or atheistic.
(iv) kapila Muni has devised the theory of evolution.
(v) He has mentioned about the three gunas, i.e. various properties of matter like goodness, passion and darkness. It is for these gunas that the creation has become so diversified.
(vi) He explains that the process of creation is possible through the combination of prakriti and purusha (primordial matter and spirit or soul),
(vii) His theories hold very high position. According to Davies, the philosophy of Kapila is the first recorded system of philosophy in the world.
(viii) Kapila theories were against various Vedic sacrifices and the slaughter of animals. According to his views Vivek (pure wisdom) is the key to nirvana (salvation).
(ix) He mentions about the immortality of the soul; fourteen orders of beings, eight above and five below man; law of karma; intellectual creation and eternity of matter.
(x) He says 'tri-tapas' (three miseries) is the cause of all distress. Bodily and mental; natural and extrinsic; divine or supernatural are three types of miseries. He concludes his theory mentioning that man needs to relieved of these miseries hence they should be eradicated from the common man's lives.
Kapila Muni had preached his philosophies to Asuri and Borhu but it became wide spread because of the efforts of Panchasikha, disciple of Asuri. Panchasikha later elaborated the book of Kapila's Sankhya in varoius parts. Isvara Krishna during the fifth century AD prepared a karika of it in a new form which is still followed. Kapila's philosophy was much accepted and even the Vedas, the other philosophies, the Puranas, Buddhism, the Sanskrit epics and other systems were much inspired from it. Pythagoras was the first one who introduced Kapila's philosophy in East Europe (sixth century BC). Even the latest German philosophy, the principle of Schopenhauer (1819) and Von Hartmann (1869) is fundamentally based on the lines of Kapila Muni's theory.
Kapila Muni's was based on pure philosophy which did not have ideas based on God. The Brahmans of Brahmavarta gradually accepted the theories of Kapila Muni while the Aryan kings noted his theories willingly. Soon his theories were established in the court of Janadeva. Even Rishabha Deva, founder of Jainism, followed the views of Kapila.
(Last Updated on : 19-05-2014)
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