(Last Updated on : 06-12-2019)
Premendra Mitra is a celebrated Bengali author
whose writings contain wit and humour along with a social message. Premendra Mitra was a prominent Bengali
novelist, short story writer and poet. During his lifetime he created many engaging stories and authored many Bengali thrillers and fictions as well. Premendra Mitra's writings reflect the larger picture of the society; its change and transformation over the years. His works have also been included in the curriculum of school and college levels.
Early Life of Premendra Mitra
Premendra Mitra was born in 1904 in Varanasi
. His father was a government employee at the Indian Railways. Because of his fathers transferable jobs he had the opportunity to travel to many places in India. As a student, he first went to South Suburban School (Mains), and then graduated from Calcutta's Scottish Church College
. In the initial stages of his career he unsuccessfully aspired to be a doctor, then went on to become a school teacher, in the middle he even tried his hand in business as well which was also unsuccessful. After trying out many occupations he finally tasted success in writing, and became an author of novels and poems in Bengali Literature
. He was also a Bengali
professor at City College
in North Kolkata
Works of Premendra Mitra
He was an avid reader and a creative brain, who penned down many engaging write ups in Bengali. He was the editor of news magazine and Bengali journals like Kali Kalam, Kollol, Banglar Kotha, Songbad, Bongobani and many others. His initial poems, which were better known for its wit, humour and sharpness, got published in 'Probashi' (The Exile) in 1922. In his works one will come across many social messages where he empathized with the proletariats, for their sufferings.
His short stories were innovative and well structured and encompassed the striking divergent in the urban Indian society. Most of his works dealt with the issues of caste, religion, poverty degradation, rationality and other intermittent conflicts that were prevalent in Indian society during that period. In his work he often tried to experiment with various stylistic nuances and often tried the alternative linguistic approach. Two of his most renowned works are Mangalbairi and Piprey Puran. Both these stories have a common theme, where the author warns mankind of ultimate depletion, humans getting endangered and plants and trees getting extinct.
These two works are extremely popular among the Bengali readers. His other master creation is the character of Ghanada. This character is popular and has been successful in striking a chord in the minds of readers. Ghanada's apparently uninterested demeanour, unemployment, talent to weave adventure and ability to think at the drop of a hat, has engaged readers. His adventures always revolve around science, geography, history, crime, human psychology, meta-physics and philosophy. Through Ghanada, Premendra Mitra has tried to take a dig at the urban middle class people.
Premendra Mitra's another masterpiece include the characters of "Mejokorta" and "Bhootshikari" or a ghost hunter by profession. The series of Mejokorta, though not as long as Ghanada, has successfully left a mark in the minds of Bengal literary lovers.
Some Popular Creations of Premendra Mitra
Some of the popular literary works of Premendra Mitra are as follows:
Putul O Protima
Snake and Other Stories
Mosquito and Other Stories
Adventures of Ghanada
Chorui Pakhira Kothay Jay
Juddho Keno Thamlo