This department of Sanskrit literature also teaches anatomy, medicine and genealogies of kings. However the main objective was evidently the exaltation of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva in their different manifestations. At times they are called a fifth Veda. They also impart Vedic doctrines to women and the lower caste men, who are unable to comprehend the complicated works.
One of the major features of the Indian Puranas is pantheism. According to Sanskrit writers these texts reveal the creation and renovation of the universe, the division of time, the institutes of law and religion, the genealogy of the patriarchal families, and the dynasties of kings. The myths and legends form correct pictures of the times to which they belong. A view of mythology and religion of the people of that time is clearly visible and indirectly reveal much of true history. These texts also contain instructions to sacred rituals and the ways to lead a life. Indian Puranas are a treasure of mythical knowledge of ancient India.
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